Unexplained weight loss in infants


Unintentional weight loss - NHS Choices

Unintentional weight loss  Significant weight loss can also be the result of an  eating disorder , such as anorexia  or bulimia . If your weight loss wasn't due to the above causes, and you didn't lose weight through dieting or exercising, see your GP, as you may have an illness that needs treating. The following information may give you a better idea of the cause of your weight loss, but don't use it to diagnose yourself. Other common causes of unexpected weight loss. Less common causes of unexpected weight loss. Less frequently, unexpected weight loss may be the result of: more...



Unexplained fractures in infancy : looking for fragile bones

Fractures in children are common—approximately one third of children will have a fracture by 16 years of age, with more boys experiencing fracture than girls. Before the age of 2 years, fracture incidence is equal and occurs at a rate of approximately 80/10 000 person years. For the UK, therefore, approximately 4800 infants will have a clinically evident fracture before their first birthday each year. This article reviews our current approach to identifying bone disease in the infant presenting with more than one unexplained fractures, and discusses the recognised disease processes that result in increased bone fragility. The two most frequently recognised underlying disease processes causing bone fragility in infancy are metabolic bone disease of prematurity 7 and osteogenesis imperfecta, and directed questioning is appropriate for these conditions. For premature infants, the features commonly associated with fracture are delivery at 30 days) establishment of full enteral feeds, conjugated hyperbilirubinaemia, chronic lung disease, and use of furosemide. 8 , 9 For a proportion of infants with osteogenesis imperfecta, there will be a family history either of osteogenesis imperfecta itself or of features that suggest osteogenesis imperfecta. Blue sclerae are present in many healthy infants and children without any associated bone disease. Metabolic bone disease of prematurity (also known as osteopenia of prematurity and preterm rickets) is seen in the UK mainly in infants born at. more...



Sudden Weight Loss in Toddlers

If your toddler is experiencing weight loss but otherwise healthy and meeting developmental milestones, he may be fine. Keep in mind that it is normal for him to experience a slight weight loss after having an illness, and he will gain the weight back. To determine the cause of your toddler’s weight loss, her doctor may monitor her calorie intake to make sure she is eating enough to grow properly. The doctor might ask you some questions about your toddler’s eating habits and milestones to determine the problem. If your toddler is suddenly losing weight as a result of a medical problem, that problem will need to be treated directly before the weight loss is handled. more...



48 Strange Symptoms— and What They Mean - Spry Living

Pitted nails: common sign of psoriasis, a skin disease that causes patches of dry, red, itchy scales to form across the body. Leg pain with swelling: a calf that is swollen, red and extremely tender to the touch could be caused by deep vein thrombosis (DVT), a blood clot in the lower leg or thigh. Excessive smoking, anemia and diabetes, can also cause a sore tongue. Dry mouth: in combination with dry eye, might signal Sjogren’s syndrome, an autoimmune condition that interferes with the body’s ability to produce tears and saliva. Enlarged nodes in the armpit, neck and groin are a common warning sign of lymphoma, cancer of the lymph glands. With this condition, the eyes blink infrequently and appear to have a staring quality. Itchy skin all over: if dry skin ruled out, often a symptom of pregnancy and menopause; could also be caused by liver disease, celiac disease and certain cancers (including leukemia and lymphoma). Sometimes a symptom of allergies, head and neck tumors, or problems in the jaw, neck or blood vessels. Can cause nerve damage; see a doctor if you experience any unusual hearing loss, ringing in the ear or trouble with balance. Bladder cancer and kidney cancer can also cause blood to appear in the urine. Yellow nails: commonly caused by a fungal infection, although can also be a sign of diabetes, severe thyroid disease or lung disease. Butterfly rash: a red rash spreading across the cheeks and bridge of nose, often a tell-tale sign of lupus, or rosacea, a harmless skin condition that causes facial redness and swelling. more...



Constipation : MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

Lifestyle changes can help you avoid constipation. Suppositories or gentle laxatives, such as milk of magnesia liquid, may help you have regular bowel movements. Call your doctor right away if you have sudden constipation with abdominal cramps and you cannot pass gas or stool. Also call your doctor if you have: Sharp or severe abdominal pain, especially if you also have bloating. How long have you had constipation? Is constipation worse when you are stressed? Do you have any abdominal pain ? What surgeries or injuries have you had? What medicines do you take? Do you smoke? Do you have other symptoms? more...



Newborn Weight Loss - Everyday Life - Global Post

Newborn Weight Loss. Your newborn's birth weight is the number you will print on birth announcements and write in his baby book. Most instances of newborn weight loss are normal, although you should always monitor your newborn's weight and follow up with your pediatrician with any concerns. Causes of Weight Loss. Newborn weight loss occurs for a number of reasons. Normal Weight Loss. Monitoring Weight Gain or Loss. Addressing Weight Loss. more...



What Would Cause Sudden Weight Gain in Children

Your child can gain weight rapidly for a myriad of reasons. If your child has gained weight and you think his habits could be causing the problem, you may have to change some of your actions at home. You can be a good example to teach your child healthy habits for life. With the help of your doctor, you can identify what is causing the weight gain and work out a plan for care to help your child manage her weight. For instance, "The Wall Street Journal" reports that drugs like Zyprexa, Abilify, Risperdal and Seroquel can cause as much as a 19 pound weight gain in 11 weeks. Your doctor can help you find alternatives that keep your child healthy and well while managing her weight. more...



Weight loss in children

Weight loss in children: Symptoms » Weight loss in children. » Review Causes of Weight loss in children: Causes | Symptom Checker » Causes in Children: Weight loss in children. See full list of 32 causes of Weight loss in children. Weight loss in children: Symptom Checker. Weight loss in children: Comorbid Symptoms. Causes of Similar Symptoms to Weight loss in children. Research the causes of these symptoms that are similar to, or related to, the symptom Weight loss in children: How Common are these Causes of Weight loss in children? more...



Bruising - Symptoms of Common Childhood Illnesses

Of course, it is important to separate the kids who have a serious bleeding disorder, like hemophilia, from those who have normal easy bruising when they begin to cruise and walk around. Normal bruising is usually found on a child's shins, because this they often bump their lower legs against things as they walk or run; these bruises are usually flat and smaller than the size of a quarter. Frequent nosebleeds are the other thing that often prompts parents to think that their child has a bleeding disorder, but without some of the signs listed below, like normal bruising, nosebleeds are often normal in young children. Signs of abnormal bleeding and bruising can include: Large bruises that are raised and seem out of proportion for the injury that caused it, for example a very large bruise for a small bump against a table. Common tests for kids with bruising can include: PT and PTT, or prothrombin time and partial thromboplastin time , are used to test how well blood is clotting and if a child could have a bleeding disorder , such as hemophilia. PFA-100 platelet function screen - a newer test to see how well platelets are working and which is replacing the less reliable bleeding time test in many labs. Falls and injury - not surprisingly, severe injuries can often lead to extensive bruising. Von Willebrand disease - a common, although often mild, genetic bleeding disorder that can cause easy bruising, frequent nosebleeds , heavy menstrual bleeding , and bleeding after surgery. Leukemia - in addition to easy bruising, bleeding, and a low platelet count, children with leukemia will usually have other signs and symptoms, such as a low red cell count, fever, weight loss, etc. Although bruising is often normal in active children, if your child has excessive bruising or easy bruising and other signs of a bleeding disorder, then be sure to see your pediatrician right away. Bruising and Physical Child Abuse. more...



Malnutrition - Symptoms - NHS Choices

The most common symptom of malnutrition is unplanned and unexplained weight loss . If you lose 5-10% or more of your body weight within three to six months and you're not trying to lose weight, it could be a sign that you're at risk of malnourishment. You may notice that your clothes, belts and jewellery gradually feel looser. Feeling tired all the time and lacking energy. BMI is a measurement that shows whether you're a healthy weight for your height. For most adults a healthy BMI is between 18.5 and 24.9. Having a BMI under 18.5 could suggest you're at a high risk of being malnourished, although you may also be considered at risk if you have a BMI between 18.5 and 20. You can check your BMI using the BMI healthy weight calculator . It's important to note that BMI and weight loss aren't the only indicators of malnutrition. Even if your BMI is in the healthy range, you still may not be getting enough vitamins and minerals. Feeling out of breath and tired all the time. more...



Causes of Hair Loss in Children

In many cases, the hair loss is temporary though, and the child's hair does grow back. Hair Loss. One of the classic causes of hair loss in children that many people think about is hair loss associated with childhood cancer . Although this can definitely cause hair loss, it is usually the cancer treatments, such as chemotherapy or radiation (anagen effluvium), that causes the hair loss and not the cancer itself. Causes of Hair Loss. Other common causes of hair loss in children and teens include: Ringworm of the scalp ( tinea capitis ) is one of the more common causes of hair loss, but is often easy to recognize because of the association scalp findings, including a red circular lesion, hair loss, and a scaly border that may be itchy. Alopecia totalis and alopecia universalis are similar to alopecia areata, except that the child loses all scalp hair (alopecia totalis) or all scalp hair and all body hair (alopecia universalis). Other Causes of Hair Loss. In addition to ringworm, hair pulling, traction alopecia, and the other causes of hair loss mentioned above, other less common causes of hair loss can include: Hair loss can also be caused by structural abnormalities of the hair shaft, which usually results in easy breakage and dry, brittle hair. Help for Hair Loss in Children. She will likely be able to diagnose and treat common causes of hair loss, such as ringworm, traction alopecia, and telogen effluvium. more...



Diet - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This article is about the human diet. For restriction of the human diet for weight loss, see Dieting . However, the human diet can vary widely. In nutrition , diet is the sum of food consumed by a person or other organism . The word diet often implies the use of specific intake of nutrition for health or weight-management reasons (with the two often being related). Main articles: Dieting and Diet food. Some foods are specifically recommended, or even altered, for conformity to the requirements of a particular diet. The terms "healthy diet" and "diet for weight management" are often related, as the two promote healthy weight management. Main article: Healthy diet. A healthy diet may improve or maintain optimal health. more...



Underweight - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

For the financial securities rating, see Underweight (stock market) . The underweight range according to the Body Mass Index (BMI) is the white area on the chart. The definition usually refers to people with a body mass index (BMI) of under 18.5 [1] or a weight 15% to 20% below that normal for their age and height group. A person may be underweight due to genetics , [3] [4] metabolism, lack of food (frequently due to poverty), or illness. People with certain eating disorders can also be underweight due to lack of nutrients/over exercise. Underweight can also be a primary causative condition. Severely underweight individuals may have poor physical stamina and a weak immune system , leaving them open to infection . Being underweight is an established [9] risk factor for osteoporosis , even for young people. Although being underweight has been reported to increase mortality at rates comparable to that seen in morbidly obese people, [12] the effect is much less drastic when restricted to non-smokers with no history of disease, [13] suggesting that smoking and disease-related weight loss are the leading causes of the observed effect. Underweight individual may be advised to gain weight by increasing calorie intake. [14] Body weight may also be increased through the consumption of liquid nutritional supplements. Another way for underweight people to gain weight is by exercising. [18] Weight lifting has also been shown to improve bone mineral density, [19] for which underweight people have an increased risk of deficiency. The gain in weight that can result of it comes from the anabolic overcompensation when the body recovers and overcompensates via muscle hypertrophy . more...



Unexplained Weight Loss in Infants - Everyday Life

Inadequate nutrition could be a cause of your baby's weight loss. Unexplained weight loss can have a negative impact on your newborn's health. Problems that make eating difficult or painful, like deformities involving the mouth, teeth or tongue, may also be responsible for your infant's weight loss. Your little one may be getting plenty to eat, but losing weight anyway, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics. Diarrhea, bruising, weight loss and vomiting may be among the symptoms your infant experiences if he has malabsorption problems. Your infant may need to eat a special diet for life to prevent malabsorption from occurring again. Infants may have diarrhea, stomach pain and weight loss if their diet consists of gluten products. Autoimmune diseases that your infant is born with may play a role in unexplained weight loss. Vomiting, diarrhea, sun sensitivity, weight loss, swollen glands and joint and muscle problems are common lupus symptoms. more...



Celiac Disease Symptoms : Gas, Weight Loss, Fatigue and More

Symptoms of celiac disease vary widely and may come and go. They may be very mild and go completely unnoticed, or they may be severe and impact daily life. Children and adults often have the same types of symptoms. Adults and children may have unexplained weight loss despite having a normal appetite. Younger children may fail to gain weight and grow as expected. Fatigue and weakness . You may have problems with memory and concentration. Children may be more irritable. more...



Abnormal Weight Loss. Uninentional weight

The presentation will depend on the underlying cause. A thorough history and examination are essential in establishing the underlying cause and identifying appropriate investigations. Renal function and electrolytes: may indicate chronic kidney disease, Addison's disease. Other investigations will depend on the context of the weight loss. Possible further investigations may include HIV serology, endoscopy and autoimmune disease screen. Management is otherwise directed at the cause of weight loss and may include physical, psychological and social (eg, 'meals at home scheme', respite care) interventions. Elderly patients with unintentional weight loss are at higher risk of infection and depression. more...



Unexplained weight loss? - Yahoo Answers

I am 19 years old and have been a vegetarian for about 4 years. Reecently i began slowly changing my diet over to entirely vegan (within the last month and a half) and i have been noticing more and more lateley that i seem to be loosing weight. I was never an unhealthy vegetarian (i always try to live as healthiful. Show more I am 19 years old and have been a vegetarian for about 4 years. I was never an unhealthy vegetarian (i always try to live as healthiful as possible) but i cant understand how an already normal/slim girl can suddenly start loosing weight w.o animal products. Before i was vegan my stats were 5'6 and 128 lbs and last time i stepped on a scale it scared me that it was at 120 lbs! I want to exercise and be healthy but i work 50+ hours a week as a waitress and usually dont have very much time to do so. more...



Child Cancer Symptoms - Be Child Cancer Aware

Child Cancer Symptoms. Just because your child is experiencing one or some of these symptoms doesn’t automatically mean they have cancer. Other common symptoms that might alert you that your child might have cancer: Weight loss is a big indicator that something serious might be going on with your child. This however would be quickly regained once the child has recovered. If your child has swollen glands, this can often cause parents worry and concern, especially if it persists. In a child that has cancer, swollen glands lasting more than a couple of weeks would be a symptom, however they would also be alongside other symptoms such as swollen glands in more than one area of the body, weight loss, vomiting. Vomiting: if this lasts for more than 7 days and is worse upon waking in the morning, it disturbs your child in the evening when they are trying to sleep, or is associated with a headache. Growing pains are something which usually occur at night time and don’t affect a particular area of the body, they are a generalised pain, they also don’t tend to hinder your child in their daily activities. Coughing or Laboured breathing: If your child has a constant cough or is having trouble breathing and is not responding to regular treatments for infection or asthma. An enlarged mass: If your child has an enlarged mass in the arms, legs, neck or abdominal area. If you are concerned that your child has cancer, talk to your GP about your concerns. more...



Hair Loss in Children : Causes and Treatment

Hair Loss in Children. Nonmedical Causes of Hair Loss. Medical Causes of Hair Loss in Children continued. Teenagers, who may be sufficiently motivated to have their hair return, may tolerate steroid injections into the scalp. Hair growth may come back in 8-12 weeks. Trichotillomania is hair loss caused by the child pulling, plucking, twisting, or rubbing his or her hair. The hair loss is patchy and characterized by broken hairs of varying length. The hair follicles stop growing prematurely and enter a resting phase (called the telogen phase). more...



What Causes Weight Loss

She was a full term infant with a birth weight of 2.36 kg, and at her 2 week checkup she was 2.58 kg. She presented to her private physician for her 2 month health maintenance examination and had a weight of 3.2 kg (which was decreased from an urgent care visit) and was referred for further evaluation. Around 4 weeks of age she began to have more “emesis” up to 8-9 times/day that was now forceful and the infant was hungry after these episodes. Her parents had noted that she appeared to be more tired and was moving less and sleeping more recently. She looked malnourished and was easily aroused. During feeding she was noted to have a large peristaltic wave and a palpable mass in the epigastric area. The radiologic evaluation showed a very large gastric bubble on plain abdominal radiograph, and pyloric stenosis on the ultrasound with a width of 5-6 mm and length of 3.2 cm The diagnosis of pyloric stenosis was made. The patient had her severe dehydration and hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis treated with multiple fluid boluses and additional electrolytes. After fluid and electrolyte resuscitation, she was taken to the operating room for a pyloromyotomy. The length of the muscle is variable from 14-20 mm, and pyloric diameter may be between 10-14 mm. When interacting with patients and their families, the health care professional communicates effectively and demonstrates caring and respectful behaviors. Essential and accurate information about the patients’ is gathered. All medical and invasive procedures considered essential for the area of practice are competently performed. more...




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