Hi, I have an indoor cat that is about 16 years old. Over the past several months we noticed that he has been losing weight, but is hungry all of the time. From your email you said that you have a 16-year-old indoor cat that has a history of weight loss over the past several months, increased appetite and is inappropriately defecating in the house. You also indicated that you can't afford large medical bills. I really believe pet ownership is a significant responsibility and part of that is to ensure that you are providing good health care. Your cat is relying on you for his health. For owners that can't afford health care, they should really reconsider if they can afford to have that pet. That would be my first worry – that is without actually seeing your cat. One option is medication to treat the disease – this isn't as good as other treatments but it is the least expensive option and may make your cat feel better. I'd recommend that you take your cat to your local veterinarian for some blood testing and go from there. An article that might be helpful to you is on our Petplace.com is " Hyperthyroidism in Cats ". She loves both dogs and cats but has had extraordinary cats in her life, all of which have died over the past couple years.
If your cat loses a significant amount of weight, it may be time to take your pet to the veterinarian for an examination. If your cat has a painful mouth caused by severe dental disease, it may not want to eat and will lose weight. Older cats can suffer from a plethora of dental issues, including periodontal disease and gingivitis. Your veterinarian can perform a dental exam, in order to closely looks at the mouth. Most of the dental problems can be cleared up with a thorough teeth cleaning, which requires your cat to go under anesthesia. Your veterinarian can perform a simple blood test to diagnose if kitty's weight loss is due to hyperthyroidism. Diabetes usually occurs in older cats and one of the major signs of the disease is weight loss. If indeed your cat does have diabetes, it can usually be managed with insulin dietary changes. Many cats who have cancer also experience weight loss.
Depending on the reason for your cat’s weight loss, you may notice that your cat’s appetite is reduced or entirely gone, a condition known as anorexia. If you are not sure what your cat’s ideal weight should be, your veterinarian will be able to provide guidance and a suggested feeding regimen to meet your cat’s nutritional needs. Causes of Cat Weight Loss. Cats under psychological stress may go off their food, which can result in weight loss. Although not all cat weight loss is caused by cancer, it is a relatively common culprit. This disease, which may be caused by a failure to produce the hormone insulin or an impaired ability to respond to it, commonly causes weight loss in cats, often with a change in appetite.
There are some useful charts available that are a helpful guide to know the ideal weight for your pet. Click here to view the ideal bodyweight range for your dog by breed. The easiest way to assess your dog’s ideal weight is to follow a few simple steps: Observe your dog from the side. Weigh your dog at least twice a year (your veterinary clinic will be more than happy for you to use their scales, and we can then record your dog’s weight at the same time) Your veterinary team will be able to advise you on the ideal weight for your dog once the condition score is assessed. Depending on the condition of your pet and the results from any initial diagnostic tests, further treatment and/or tests may be recommended. Your vet will be able to give you more appropriate information and relevant treatment protocols once they have examined your dog and performed the appropriate diagnostic tests. There are many reasons why a dog can lose weight rapidly so it is important that you take your dog to the vet as soon as you notice unexplained weight loss, as some of these conditions may be serious but many can also be treated successfully, especially if detected early. This allows for early detection and treatment of disease processes that may otherwise lead to weight loss and ill health in your dog.
In fact, the percentage of cats over six years of age has nearly doubled in just over a decade, and there is every reason to expect that the "graying" cat population will continue to grow. Many cats begin to encounter age-related physical changes between seven and ten years of age, and most do so by the time they are 12. The skin of an older cat is thinner and less elastic, has reduced blood circulation, and is more prone to infection. Dental disease is extremely common in older cats and can hinder eating and cause significant pain. The increased soil and odor may cause cats to find a bathroom more to their liking. Never assume that changes you see in your older cat are simply due to old age, and therefore untreatable. For example, while you are rubbing your cat's head or scratching its chin, gently raise the upper lips with your thumb or forefinger so you can examine the teeth and gums. While you are stroking your cat's fur, you can check for abnormal lumps or bumps, and evaluate the health of the skin and coat. Keep a record of the weight, and notify your veterinarian of any significant changes. Regularly engaging your cat in moderate play can promote muscle tone and suppleness, increase blood circulation, and help reduce weight in cats that are too heavy.
Weight Loss in Dogs and Cats. Recommendedproducts to help with sudden weight loss in dogs and cats. Pets with dental disease. Pets with dental disease often lose weight because eating is painful. Pets with worms lose weight, but for different reasons. Pets with organ disease. Pets with a disease in vital organs, including in the heart, lungs, kidneys, liver and spleen, often lose weight. Pets with cancer. Pets with infectious diseases. These pets lose weight for the same reasons that pets with cancer lose weight: TNF is stimulated. In addition, pets with infectious diseases are often given medications that cause nausea and loss of appetite. Pets with burns. Pets with burns have lost the skin's barrier to infectious bacteria and are often overwhelmed with infections. Aging pets lose weight because they often have nagging pain from arthritic joints and dental infections .
There are many reasons for a cat to lose weight. Most of the time there is a medical reason for weight loss in cats. Reasons for older cats to lose weight. While there is no cure, there are many things that we can do to extend the cat's life. There are many different types of cancer, and often they can be difficult to diagnose. Cats with cancer will often lose weight very quickly. This is discussed below, in the section about reasons why young cats lose weight. IBD can cause a cat to have chronic diarrhea. This can result in weight loss. Many cats with IBD have chronic vomiting. Reasons for a young cat to lose weight. It can cause significant weight loss. While these are the most common reasons for weight loss, there are other possible reasons as well.
From the time you are born to around the time you turn 30, your muscles grow larger and stronger. But at some point in your 30s, you begin to lose muscle mass and function, a condition known as age-related sarcopenia or sarcopenia with aging. Although there is no generally accepted test or specific level of muscle mass for sarcopenia diagnosis, any loss of muscle mass is of consequence, because loss of muscle means loss of strength and mobility. Sarcopenia typically accelerates around age 75 - although it may happen in people age 65 or 80 - and is a factor in the occurrence of frailty and the likelihood of falls and fractures in older adults. The primary treatment for sarcopenia is exercise. Specifically, resistance training or strength training - exercise that increases muscle strength and endurance with weights or resistance bands - has been shown to be useful for both the prevention and treatment of sarcopenia.
Older cats, in common with older people have changing metabolism and ways in which their bodies work. This can inhibit their ability to run and jump. Appetite tends to reduce with age in line with deterioration of the senses of taste and smell. Dental disease is common in the older cat and can discourage eating. Weight loss and constipation can occur in the older cat as bowel function deteriorates and can reduce the amount of nutrients absorbed from food. Thirst can increase with disease but can also decrease in old age which can cause problems especially in cats with kidney problems. Old cats often have poor coats which may make them less resistant to the cold and wet. Vocalisation appears to play a big part in the ageing process with cats becoming more demanding, especially at night. However often the cat will jump off the bed and wander off downstairs only to repeat the behaviour. This is a condition seen frequently in the elderly cat; a tumour on the thyroid gland causes metabolic changes including increased heart and respiration rates, increased appetite and weight loss. Old cats still like to play but generally the owner has to instigate a game and games should be less active than for a younger cat. Older cats still groom themselves but arthritic changes can limit the extent to which an older cat can reach especially around their back legs and along their backs. Many older cats start to have 'accidents' indoors often as a result of an increasing reluctance to urinate and defecate outdoors, either due to the presence of aggressive cats in the territory or an increased sensitivity to inclement weather conditions. Increased thirst, weight loss, reduced appetite and vomiting. Click the button below to get more information at a low price and start helping your cat and yourself!
Because your cat goes outdoors and presumably encounters other cats, the feline leukemia virus (Fe LV) and the feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) must be considered as possible causes for your cat's weight loss. You said that you had your cat vaccinated against Fe LV, and that's great, because Fe LV has a terrible prognosis, and the vaccine is highly effective. You didn't mention if your cat was vaccinated against FIV . It provides good immunity to FIV, however, when your cat is vaccinated with the FIV vaccine, antibodies against the FIV virus will appear in the bloodstream. If your cat gets sick in the future and is tested for FIV, the antibodies will cause the test to appear positive. So, if your cat was indeed vaccinated against FIV, the test result will be difficult to interpret. Assuming your cat was not vaccinated against FIV, I would have your cat tested for Fe LV and FIV, just to make sure that your indoor-outdoor cat hasn't contracted either of these harmful viruses.
Poor appetite and weight loss are general, vague clinical signs, however, and the list of possible illnesses is extensive. The most common metabolic problems that cause weight loss in a senior cat are diabetes, hyperthyroidism, and chronic renal failure (CRF). Most cats present with the classic signs: excessive urination, excessive thirst, very good appetite, and weight loss. “Most diabetics have an elevated blood sugar level, and have sugar in the urine. The results were clear: Danny’s blood sugar was normal, and there was no sugar in his urine. Hyperthyroidism is the most common glandular disorder in cats. Poorly-controlled hyperthyroidism was not the cause of Danny’s weight loss. Chronic renal failure (CRF) is perhaps the most common cause of weight loss in senior cats. Cats with CRF, however, tend to have a poor appetite compared to diabetic cats and cats with hyperthyroidism; the latter often have increased appetite. But Danny’s urine was adequately concentrated, and the level of kidney toxins in his blood stream was in the normal range. CRF was not the cause of Danny’s weight loss. In most cats, physical examination of the GI tract tends to be normal, as was the case with Danny. The most common clinical signs are weight loss and decreased appetite. With no renal failure, no diabetes, and well-controlled hyperthyroidism, the anesthetic risk was minimal.
Onset of symptoms - How suddenly the symptoms appeared is also a good clue to what the cause of the diarrhea may be. If the symptoms appear, go away, and then come back again over several weeks, the diarrhea is considered "intermittent." If the cat is showing signs of illness, a complete blood count and chemistry panel are often recommended. Usually blood tests to check for the presence of feline leukemia virus (Fe LV) to and feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) are also recommended. For some diseases, the only way to make an accurate diagnosis is to obtain a biopsy and have it examined microscopically. Because there are so many causes of diarrhea, the treatment will vary (See Table 2. Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment of Diarrhea in Cats). For some cases of diarrhea, it may be necessary to modify the diet permanently. If parasites are present, the appropriate wormer and/or other medication will be prescribed. The fecal flotation test looks for worm eggs, and if no eggs are being produced, the test could be negative even though worms could be present. For this reason, in some cases, even if the fecal flotation test is negative, a wormer may still be prescribed. Antibiotics are given if the diarrhea is caused by bacteria.
List of Cat Diseases and Symptoms. Chart of Cat Diseases, Symptoms, Treatment and Prognosis. The following is a list of diseases and symptoms that affect a feline's metabolic system. Anorexia and weight loss; vomiting and diarrhea; jaundice (seen in the whites of the cat's eyes) Various medications, fluids and a specific diet. May require hospitalization and sedation; fluids and antibiotics. The following is a list of cat diseases and symptoms that are infectious, some of which may be prevented through vaccinations. Normal life span, but may become chronic and require continued treatment. Runny nose and eyes; sneezing and fever; loss of appetite and depression. Hair loss and hair that won't grow back. Treatment varies: IV fluids, antibiotics and Vitamin B. Weight loss and fever; loss of appetite and weakness. Weight loss, fever, loss of appetite, weakness and swollen lymph nodes.
Weight loss commonly afflicts middle aged and older cats. It may be a sign of a developing heath problem, or the progression of a pre-existing condition if your cat begins to lose weight. It is important to monitor your senior cat's weight, as even the slightest change in weight can be significant. A cat between the ages of 7 and 10 years is considered middle aged. Dental disease is extremely common to older cats, and may make eating difficult or even painful, causing your cat to loose weight. You may try and encourage your cat to eat by giving him wide, shallow and easily accessible food and water dishes. There is no cure for CRF, though if caught early, the progression of the disease may be slowed, and quality of life improved. A regiment of specially prescribed food, medication and fluids may be necessary to help care for your sick cat. IBD can cause vomiting and diarrhea, which may then cause the cat to become easily dehydrated. If the condition persists for long enough, the cat may loose a significant amount of weight due to the body's inability to properly process both food and water through it's system.
Regardless of the reason for the hair loss, it is your job as a cat owner to take the necessary steps to avoid further discomfort for your cat. Causes of Feline Hair Loss. Hair loss , aka alopecia, is generally caused by one of the following disorders. As the most common disorder that felines experience, hyperthyroidism is also the leading cause of feline hair loss. The condition causes hair loss, as well of a host of other symptoms that include weakness, weight gain and lethargy. Hair loss and itching are common symptoms when a cat has an allergic reaction to something it has either eaten or come into contact with in the environment. The infection produces localized hair loss as well as a puss discharge that crusts over the lesions. Ringworm is actually a fungal infection that produces circular patches of hair loss as the fungus infests the hair shafts. Hair loss from notoedres cati is seen on the ears, neck, eyelids and other facial and upper body regions. Generally, this hair loss is located on the mid to lower abdomen, but it can technically occur anywhere on the body. This condition typically causes irritating lesions that cause hair loss on the back of the thighs. Feline endocrine alopecia is actually a rather rare condition characterized by hair loss on the abdomen, inner legs and genital region. Although there are some causes of hair loss that you have little control over, there are a few things you can do to at home to help make sure your cat's skin and fur remain healthy. The best way to avoid hair loss caused by food allergies or a poor diet is to feed your cat a healthy food from the onset.
Weight Loss. What is weight loss? Weight loss as a symptom is any loss of weight that you cannot explain, or that you did not plan or work for through increased diet control and exercise. It can also be caused by loss of appetite due to dementia and by certain eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa or bulimia as well as malnutrition. Some drugs are also known to cause abnormal weight loss. Drug abuse involving excessive use of purgatives and laxatives, heavy street drug use, or smoking is also known to cause abnormal weight loss. Rapid or persistent weight loss is very dangerous and can cause severe damage to multiple organs and should always be investigated as soon as possible. Weight loss - unintentional. The diagnostic spectrum of unintentional weight loss. Investigation and management of unintentional weight loss in older adults.
Veterinary attention should be sought if your cat is losing weight, so he can identify and treat the cause. What are the causes of weight loss in cats? Acute (sudden) or chronic (slow and progressive) kidney failure - Disease of the kidneys resulting in decreased function, which causes toxins to build up in the cat's body. Glomerulonephritis - A renal disease which is caused by the inflammation. Heartworm - Parasitic worm infection of the heart and lungs. Inflammatory bowel disease - Inflammation of the intestinal tract with inflammatory cells. Your veterinarian will perform a complete physical examination from you and obtain a medical history, including the cat's age and other symptoms you may have noticed. Biochemical profile , complete blood count and urinalysis to evaluate the overall health of your cat and the organs, these tests may reveal infection, kidney function, liver function, anemia, calcium levels, magnesium levels which can all paint an overall picture of your cat's health. Blood tests to detect elevated levels of the hormones T 3 and T 4 are performed. Treatment depends on the cause and should be aimed at addressing the underlying cause (if there is one). Anemia - Finding and treating the underlying cause. Some dental abscesses may require extraction of the tooth. Pancreatitis - Find and treat the underlying cause, if possible. Stress - Finding the cause of stress and reducing it. In addition to treating the above causes of weight loss, your veterinarian will offer your cat supportive care, such as:
Weight Loss in Cats. Weight loss is considered clinically important when it exceeds 10 percent of the normal body weight and is not associated with fluid loss. In Cats, during weight loss, the appetite may be normal, increased or decreased . Causes of Weight Loss in Cats. There are many reasons for loss of weight in cats. Diagnostic Tests for Weight Loss in Cats. Treatment of Weight Loss in Cats. In-depth Information on Weight Loss in Cats. Weight loss is a physical condition that results from a negative caloric balance, as when metabolic utilization and excretion of essential nutrients exceed the caloric intake. There are several disorders or situations that need to be considered when evaluating cats for weight loss. Diarrhea and weight loss are commonly seen with the disorder.
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Signs of unhealthy weight loss in pets. Pets with rapid weight loss have prominent ribs and when you look down on your pet, you'll notice a sharply defined waist as the flanks cave in between the last ribs and the hip bones. You may also notice the following symptoms if your pet has sudden weight loss: Diagnosing your pet's rapid weight loss. Unhealthy weight loss is diagnosed by weighing your pet and assessing his or her physical appearance. Pets of a healthy weight have a layer of muscle and fat over their ribs so that each rib can be felt. Pets of a healthy weight also have a waist, or a narrowing in the flank area between the last ribs and the hip bones. Pets that are too thin also have an extreme waist so that the flank area between the last ribs and hip bones is deeply sunken. Prope diagnosis depends on the cause of your pet's weight loss. If your pet is losing weight too rapidly, any of these may be the cause: dentition, dysgeusia (an abnormal or impaired sense of taste), diarrhea , disease, depression, dementia, dysfunction, drugs, or an unknown cause. Diarrhea causes weight loss because your pet loses water, vitamins, and calories. It is easy to understand how infections like ehrlichia and Lyme Disease can cause weight loss because sick pets burn more calories. When the stomach, pancreas and intestines don't function well, your pet can't digest and absorb his or her food. Intestinal worms are usually the culprit for "unknown causes" of weight loss in many pets. Worms rob your pet of nutrition and are among the easiest problems to remedy.
My 15-Year-Old Cat Is Losing Weight. Cat Channel veterinary expert, Arnold Plotnick, DVM, explains that weight loss in senior cats with good appetites could be a sign of hyperthyroidism and other diseases. Q: We have a 15-year-old cat that has been losing weight for a few weeks now. Is this normal for a cat this age to be losing weight? A: Weight loss despite a normal or exceptionally good appetite is often a sign of illness, the most common one being hyperthyroidism. Diabetes is another illness in which cats lose weight despite an excellent appetite, however, most of these cats show a dramatic increase in thirst, and you report that your cat is drinking the same amount of water, so diabetes is lower down on my list. Intestinal lymphoma is a common disorder in senior cats, with weight loss being the most prominent sign. While most cats with intestinal cancer show a decreased appetite, some cats show a normal or increased appetite; as cancer cells infiltrate the intestinal tract, absorption of nutrients across the intestinal wall may be impaired.
Weight loss can be a symptom of many different medical conditions; thyroid, diabetes or even worms and parasites. Anxiety and stress may also cause weight loss. If your cat loses more than 10% of his body weight, you need to call the vet. Cats are very sensitive and if you make any minor changes in their diet they may refuse to eat, causing weight loss. This will lead to weight loss, if the parasites are not eliminated. A diabetic cat should receive insulin shots for life and the cat should gain back the lost weight. Kidney disease may cause weight loss; the cat's body is not able to filter nutrients. The cat will refuse to eat and therefore lose weight. It's been 3 months since I lost the weight and I did not gain any pounds back, actually I lost another 2 lbs. You should take the cat to the vet and checked for these problems. Does the word "diet and weight loss" immediately make you think of an unpleasant weight-loss regimen?
Causes of Rapid Weight Loss in Older Cats. As your kitty ages she can develop a variety of health issues, some of which can cause rapid weight loss. Rapid weight loss can lead to other, potentially fatal conditions, so it's important you bring your furbaby in for a check with her veterinarian for a proper diagnosis and treatment. Without regular veterinary dental cleanings, this buildup can lead to the inflammation and infection of your cat's gums. This condition results from the buildup of fat in the cat's liver, leading to more serious symptoms like rapid weight loss, which can be fatal. Both the dental disease and the hepatic lipidosis require treatment by a veterinarian to prevent continuing problems with eating and weight loss. This disease results from an overproduction of the hormone that controls your cat's metabolism. Older cats, especially obese older kitties, can develop type 2 diabetes, a condition that can lead to rapid weight loss. Some older cats fail to eat when they can't get to their food, leading to hepatic lipidosis and weight loss. Some older cats have a reduced sense of smell, which can cause them to stop eating; heating the food helps your kitty smell it and may tempt her to eat it. Always consult with your veterinarian at the first signs of weight loss in your elderly cat.
She is an indoor cat and her eating, drinking, urinating/defecating and sleeping habits seem to be the same. Cleo is aging and more likely to develop certain disorders that are common in older cats. I know you wrote that Cleo is eating, drinking, urinating, defecating, and acting normally. Separating them for a day or so each with their own food, water, and litter box would give you a more definite idea of how much Cleo is eating and drinking and what she is doing in the litter box. I often find that when I ask a client if their cat is eating and drinking, they emphatically say "Oh, yes, she eats and drinks very well." They think that means she is doing well. Actually, it's often the case that the ones that are so sure everything is fine actually have a cat that is eating or drinking or urinating MORE than usual. In all actuality, those same cats are often the ones that are drinking too much and urinating too much and sometimes have ravenous appetites that they didn't have before. Bottom line, Cleo needs to go to the vet and also have bloodwork. And thanks for the photo!
The ingredients in your cat’s food. Do you know how to read the labels on your commercial cat food? If it makes sense, bring along the food you have questions about and ask for help in finding out how many calories per serving you’re actually feeding your kitty. This is a crucial piece of the puzzle if you want to help your cat lose weight. You will have to feed your cat the amount that is correct for his or her optimal body weight, not what the recommendations are on the can. Your cat’s age and breed will also affect the number of calories she needs. Check your weight, step off the scale, pick up your cat, step back on holding kitty, and check the new weight. The difference between what you weighed by yourself and the weight holding your cat is how much he weighs. Your cat needs 220 calories in a day to maintain his 15 pound weight. To get your kitty down to his ideal weight of 13 pounds, you need to feed him about 200 calories in a 24 hour period – not the 220 calories he’s been eating which plumped him up to 15 pounds. You should work with your pet healthcare practitioner to determine a safe and healthy amount of weight loss for your cat, and the rate at which that weight loss should occur.
There are a variety of different conditions in the gastrointestinal tract that may cause cat weight loss. Common GI problems that produce weight loss in cats include inflammatory bowel disease, food allergies, or certain infections. Also known as worms, intestinal parasites may be the cause of your cat’s unintentional weight loss. Many elderly cats exhibit weight loss, and it can be difficult to determine the precise cause of the problem, especially because metabolism changes with age. In addition to weight loss, hyperthyroidism may cause vomiting, diarrhea, and muscle wasting. To determine what is causing your cat’s weight loss and design the best treatment plan for you and your pet, your veterinarian will likely do a complete physical exam, blood work, and urinalysis. Depending on the reason for your cat’s weight loss, a variety of treatments and dietary changes to treat the underlying condition and restore weight may be prescribed. The weight loss caused by certain conditions of the gastrointestinal tract may be addressed, either solely or in part, by making appropriate changes to your cat’s diet. Cats that lose weight because of food allergies may recover completely when the offending foods are removed from their diet.
Weight Loss in Older Cats. Billy and his companion cat, Melissa, are 16 and 17 years old respectively. Both cats are doing pretty well given their age and various maladies. Not surprisingly, Melissa and Billy are typical for geriatric cats; they have more than one disease and have experienced weight loss over the past couple of years. Why is weight loss common in geriatric cats? Lymphoma, hyperthyroidism, diabetes and chronic kidney disease are all perpetrators of weight loss in older cats. Like Melissa and Billy, many older cats suffer from multiple diseases. Somewhere around 12 years of age, metabolic changes occur in cats and they are less able to digest fat and protein. If you think your older cat, or any cat, is losing weight, see your veterinarian to confirm the weight loss and develop a plan for intervention. Cats find fat very tasty and high fat diets will encourage your trim tabby to eat.
I have not changed the way I feed her or what she eats, and no other environmental changes took place. I feed dry food, and leave it out all day for her to share with my other cat, but only a certain amount. She seems to be eating the same amount, but maybe not. I try my best to keep her from them, but she sometimes finds them and chews off and ingests pieces. 2) I do feed them a cheap corn food, and I know that is bad, but my other cat is of normal weight, so I'm just trying to figure out the. 2) I do feed them a cheap corn food, and I know that is bad, but my other cat is of normal weight, so I'm just trying to figure out the cause of the weight problem for now. 3) They both have their own bowls which I fill in the morning, but by the evening there is usually some left so the skinny one is not deprived of food by the other one. My parents do not support my seriousity in keeping healthy pets, they think it's okay for her to do so they never stop it if I'm not around. Update 2: 6) She is not spayed because she is actually infertile and does not go into heat. Since I am not the one paying for these things, I do not get much say. Show more 6) She is not spayed because she is actually infertile and does not go into heat. My family does not have much money to spend on our pets. I will move out when 18, and when I have some money saved up, that is when they will be recieving proper vet care and food. But please be polite and not say things you know nothing about.
But the weight was in all the wrong places! An older cat that gains weight, often has gained fluid in the wrong places in the body, like the peritoneal space. The peritoneal space is the virtual space between the abdominal organs and each other. It is the wrong kind of weight. The fluid obtained from the abdomen was clear. Ascites is clear fluid in the abdomen. Your veterinarian must do a belly tap procedure called abdominocentesis to get a sample and see what the fluid actually is. The veterinarian inserts a sterile needle into the abdomen and collects the fluid for analysis. The tumor was massive and encompassed the deepest, non removable parts of the liver. ) In Sparky’s case, the tumor was deep, huge, and attached to a vital organ. The fluid in the abdomen leaked from the mass!
What Are the Causes of Weight Gain in Cats? While a cat's weight gain is usually the result of overeating, a medical issue could actually be the cause. Measure out your cat's dry food portion and allow your cat to nibble on it throughout the day; otherwise give him several feedings of canned or dry food each day. Avoid feeding your cat food that's filled with carbohydrates and opt instead for those higher in protein to maintain him at a healthy weight, the Feline Nutrition Awareness Effort advises. According to the International Veterinary Information Service, cats that were encouraged to play for at least 10 minutes per day lost as much weight as a cat placed on a calorie-restricted diet. Environmental enrichment can also help provide your cat with fun ways for him to exercise, such as the addition of a cat condo to climb, cat toys to play with and scratching posts to run his claws over. Your kitty's thyroid gland controls his metabolism through the production of hormones; an impairment of the thyroid gland reduces these hormones, resulting in a slowing of the metabolism and therefore weight gain. Feline hyperadrenocorticism or Cushing's disease can also lead to weight gain due to increase in the production of cortisol by the adrenal glands. Plus, your vet can give you some tips on weight loss if your cat receives a clean bill of health. If your cat is a female over 6 months old that hasn't been spayed, a possible cause of her weight gain is pregnancy. Fluid retention in the stomach due to feline infectious peritonitis or a heart condition can mimic weight gain in cats. No matter what, a visit to the vet is in order to determine the cause for your cat's weight gain or stomach distension. To avoid developing obesity-related problems and illnesses, like diabetes, your cat needs to lose weight but must do so safely. Reduce your cat's current food intake by about 20 percent or switch your cat to a diet cat food.
And What to do About an Overweight Cat. In fact, obesity in cats can predispose the cat to diabetes, hepatic lipidosis and arthritis. Here we will try and assist you with your overweight cats so that your kitty won't have to be encumbered by obesity. So food acquisition has always been accompanied by physical exertion to capture (or cultivate) and consume the food. It is only in recent times that the unnatural situation of food excess, readily acquired and consumed with little accompanying physical exertion, has become a way of life. We humans have figured how not to have to do all that work of capturing and cultivating to build up stores of food. We have also created the very same food acquisition assurances for our domestic dogs and cats. The major difference, though, is that we humans have complete control over what our pets eat and how much they eat. If that describes your position, read no further because the rest of this article is all about how to feed the proper food and in the correct quantity so that the cat will lose weight safely or maintain an optimum weight. Any cat that is overweight should have a physical exam performed, exact weight measured and blood and urine tests run. It is vital that normal thyroid hormone levels are present and that the cat has no physical or metabolic dysfunction. If the cat is physically normal - other than the abnormal body weight from fat deposition - then a gradual and careful weight loss program can be instituted. First, let’s look at what the causes of obesity are and what we can do to correct OUR mistakes …
In today’s world in which more than 50 percent of dogs and cats are considered overweight or obese, weight loss is often a desirable outcome for our sedentary, overfed pets. A change in diet can sometimes cause weight loss either because the pet finds the food less appealing or because it has fewer calories. A move to a new home, a change in schedule, or greater access to the outdoors can lead to weight loss if a pet becomes more active as a result. Geriatric pets can sometimes lose small amounts of weight as part of the normal aging process. Persistent, rapid, or dramatic weight loss (greater than 10 percent of a pet’s body weight), however, can be the sign of a serious condition, such as: Has the pet’s home life or schedule changed? Has the pet’s diet changed? If changes in diet or activity level don’t seem sufficient explanation for the degree of weight loss (particularly if the pet’s weight loss is greater than 10 percent of her body weight), a veterinary visit is absolutely in order. There are several steps a veterinarian may undertake to discern the origin of the weight loss. When did you first notice the weight loss? What a pet looks and feels like can tell your veterinarian a lot about weight loss. Definitive treatment depends on the underlying cause of the weight loss.
An approach to the management of unintentional weight loss in elderly people. Weight loss in elderly people can have a deleterious effect on the ability to function and on quality of life and is associated with an increase in mortality over a 12-month period. We review the incidence and prevalence of weight loss in elderly patients, its impact on morbidity and mortality, the common causes of unintentional weight loss and a clinical approach to diagnosis. Voluntary weight loss among elderly patients is also associated with increased risk of death 17 and of hip fracture, 19 which highlights the importance of maintaining weight with age. 43 , 44 Many elderly patients with unintentional weight loss are experiencing concomitant malnutrition 45 and thereby have cachexia. Unintentional weight loss is common in elderly people and is associated with significant adverse health outcomes, increased mortality and progressive disability. Unexplained weight loss in the ambulatory elderly. Unintentional weight loss: diagnosis and prognosis. Unintentional weight loss in the ambulatory setting: etiologies and outcomes [abstract]. Evaluating and treating unintentional weight loss in the elderly.
Feline Weight Loss: When Your Cat Losing Weight Isn't Normal. Good feline care includes knowing what a normal cat weight is for your feline and taking action when any cat weight loss occurs. Many cat illnesses have weight loss as one of the primary symptoms. There are two exceptions to that: (1) the cats that steadily gain weight and become overweight, and (2) cats that have an illness. Cat weight gain is cause for concern, but not because it indicates an illness. There is no disease in cats that causes weight gain. For example, I have heard it said that cats gain weight because they are hypothyroid. Because cats tend to stay the same weight year after year or they gain weight, it is ALWAYS of concern if you notice your cat losing weight. I have been asked or told many times by cat owners that their cat's weight loss must be due to growing older. Old age does not cause feline weight loss, but old age can increase your cat's risk of acquiring certain feline diseases or a number of problems that cause this illness symptom. But the age itself is not a reason for weight loss. But a pound weight loss in a 10 pound cat is loss of 10% of the cat's body weight. Unfortunately, when you look at your cat, you may not notice early weight loss. That first pound lost is not easy to see if your cat has been at a healthy weight for years. What are the Causes of Feline Weight Loss?
Rotten teeth can cause pain and soreness which can contribute to a cat going off their food, drooling, acting odd, lethargic, or even pawing at the mouth. These can appear as ulcers and can have a secondary infection associated with them. As well, they can also present as growths in the mouth that can displace the tongue and make it stick out. It can also affect the voice, and the irritation of the throat can make these cats cough, retch and vomit. Finally, while you haven't noted a bad smelling breath, we do have to consider that in older cats we can see drooling and signs of this nature associated with kidney disease. And these ulcers (as well as associated nausea) can make the cats drool. I would be even more concerned that this is the root of his troubles if you had noticed a great improvement in his drinking or urination, but at his age we still have to consider that this could be quite a likely issue for this situation. I would say that consider his signs and age, it would be an urgent visit but not an emergency one (so you can wait until your normal vet is open). To do this, you want to consider tempting him to eat, and consider feeding pate style food or even meat baby food (without garlic powder in the ingredients) for ease of eating with a compromised mouth. IF you have any lingering questions or concerns, please stop and reply to me via the REPLY or CONTINUE CONVERSATION button with the issue you have. I will be happy to continue further and do everything I can to provide you with the service you seek.
Geeks On Pets > > Cats > > Cat Health > > Causes of Rapid Weight Loss in Older Cats. Causes of Rapid Weight Loss in Older Cats. Weight loss in senior cats with no prior history of illness is usually indicative of the onset of some type of disease. Symptoms include increased appetite with weight loss, vomiting, cardiac arrhythmia, increased blood pressure, aggressive behavior and possible blindness. Diabetic cats will drink and urinate excessively, have good appetite and still lose weight. The cat may have difficulty breathing, lowered body temperature, stop eating and show a marked lameness or paralysis in the rear limbs. Bad teeth and the loss of a sense of smell will also cause an older animal to stop eating, as will systemic organ failure. The majority of treatments and medications that a veterinarian will prescribe for a senior cat with health problems and associated weight loss will most likely be for palliative care - intended to reduce the effects of the symptoms and bring comfort to the animal. The best prevention for serious disease in aging cats is to give them regular veterinary care when they are younger, including annual blood tests and dental cleaning. Cats, as a rule, tend to hide their symptoms until disease is fairly well advanced and most chronic illness in older cats is not curable. If you wish to maintain your pet's health well into old age, you'llo need to be vigilant in watching for signs and symptoms and must be willing to undertake some of the supportive care at home.
Weight loss in cats between the ages of 12 and 16 is usually a sign of illness. The five most common causes in this age range are hyperthyroidism, kidney disease (particularly with secondary kidney infection), diabetes mellitus, intestinal disease (inflammatory or lymphoma) and cancer. Even cats with kidney disease can be treated and have comfortable lives for many years if you and the cat are willing to undertake daily oral medication (in more advanced cases), special diets, periodic blood pressure testing and frequent cultures of urine to monitor for infection. (Cats with even minor kidney disease are at high risk for high blood pressure which causes further damage to kidneys and eyes.) Blood pressure must be taken by the doppler method to get accurate results for cats. The best tests for this possibility are ultrasound and a set of blood tests called a GI panel. These tests can also help in the diagnosis of intestinal lymphoma, which is a common disease in middle aged to older cats. Surgery can be a cure and in cases like intestinal lymphoma, two types of medication (predniso LONE and chlorambucil) taken by mouth that cause very little side effects are very successful in the treatment of this disease. It can take some time to get to a diagnosis in some cases, but having targeted treatment is crucial to stopping the weight loss and getting a cat back to good health.
Do these wild cats eat a dry food diet that is full of starchy carbohydrates in the form of grains? Zoran's paper The Carnivore Connection to Nutrition in Cats , carbohydrates are minimally used for energy by the cat and those that are not used are converted to, and stored as, fat. When considering the issue of obesity, consider that dry food is only 10% water and canned food is 78% water. The second reason that some cats tend to consume too many calories when eating dry food is because an obligate carnivore is designed to be satiated when he has consumed an adequate amount of protein and fat. Of course there are many cats that are free-fed high carb dry food that do not gain an excessive amount of weight. Regarding feline diabetes, the links between dry food and this serious disease are two-fold: Cats that have grown up on dry food find the consistency of canned food very foreign and often refuse to even give it a try. Low carbohydrate dry foods: There are three dry foods on the market that are lower in carbs than most dry foods but please do not think that these foods are a healthy option to low-carb canned food. Canned foods therefore more closely approximate the natural diet of the cat and are better suited to meet the cat’s water needs. Because cats have a low thirst drive, they do not make up the hydration deficit at the water bowl when consuming a dry food diet. It has been shown that cats on canned food - when compared to dry food-fed cats - consume double the amount of water when all sources (from the food and the water bowl) are considered. Combine a very palatable diet with high caloric density and throw in the fact that many people free-feed their cats dry food and you have a perfect recipe for obesity when these dry foods are fed. Ok.we have discussed the fact that canned food is better for cats than dry food so the question is.what do we look for in a canned food? Keep in mind that when you are reading the Cat Food Composition chart, the protein, fat, and, carbohydrate calories (the first three columns) must add up to 100%. And, unfortunately, that is exactly what high carb food does - it adds too much fat to the body.
Treatment depends on the cause and severity of the condition. Finding and treating the underlying cause. Most cases of CRF are irreversible and treatment is based on managing the condition With proper treatment, your cat may still have many months or years of life ahead. In mild cases, the cat may be managed with diet alone. If the cat is not ill, and has no ketones it may be possible to manage diabetes without the use of insulin. This may include dietary modification and or careful weight loss, under the careful guide of your veterinarian. It is in the same family as the Fe LV virus, and is similar to the HIV virus in humans. The goal is to provide supportive care to the infected cat. Also known as feline infectious enteritis, cat plague, feline distemper and feline ataxia, feline panleukopenia is a severe and highly infectious disease caused by a virus from the Parvovirus family. The skin loses it's elasticity due to dehydration caused by vomiting and diarrhoea. The most common causes are Feline herpes virus (FHV), feline calicivirus (FCV), Feline Reovirus, Bordetella Bronchiseptica and Feline Chlamydophila. Treatment depends on the cause of the cat flu.
Hypertension is the term for high blood pressure. As with people, many cats with hypertension have no symptoms at all, especially if the hypertension has not been long-standing. These abnormalities can include dilated pupils that do not constrict with light, blood within the front chamber of the eye, and blindness. If cats with high blood pressure also have concurrent kidney or thyroid disease (both of which can be contributing factors in hypertension), they may also have signs referable to pathology of those two organ systems (see below). Kidney failure and hyperthyroidism have been identified as the two most common predisposing factors for development of feline hypertension. It appears that several different mechanisms may lead to development of hypertension in cats with kidney disease. Because the kidneys normally receive 20% of the blood with every heartbeat, blood backs up into large arteries and leads to an increase in blood pressure. Even elderly cats in the early stages of kidney disease may also have hypertension. The most common clinical signs seen with kidney disease include an increase in water intake and urine output, dull coat, weight loss, and vomiting. The increased pumping pressure leads to a greater output of blood and high blood pressure. Hypertension should be suspected in any cat with kidney disease or hyperthyroidism. Because hypertension is now recognized as a common finding in geriatric cats, and we know that these cats may have no symptoms, we recommend annual blood pressure screening in all geriatric cats (10 years or older) and at any age and/or more frequently in cats with known kidney or thyroid abnormalities, weight loss, lethargy, heart murmur, neurologic signs, ocular signs, etc. The one used most commonly is based on the Doppler principle, and the Doppler blood pressure units give us the most accurate readings in cats. The underlying disease that caused hypertension to develop must be cured or controlled. If the cat has kidney, heart, or thyroid disease, it is important to treat those aggressively.
AAHA Senior care guidelines for dogs and cats. Veterinary Clinics of North America Small Animal Practice: Geriatrics. B Saunders Co, Philadelphia, PA; 2005. B Saunders Co, Philadelphia, PA; 2004. Supplement to Veterinary Medicine; 1997. In Hoskins, JD (ed) The Veterinary Clinics of North America Small Animal Practice: Geriatrics. Saunders Co. Critical Issues in Senior Pets: Disease Prevention, health and wellness. Veterinary Forum 2006 (Dec):40-46. Roundtable on pediatric, adult, senior, and geriatric wellness at every stage of life. Veterinary Forum; 1999 (January):60-67.