Nausea and Vomiting. Since you do not have weight loss, the diagnoses that are most likely to explain your nausea or vomiting and abdominal pain are problems that can cause symptoms without interfering substantially with your digestion or with your overall health. Remember, repeated episodes of nausea and vomiting can arise from a variety of medical causes, including some serious conditions. Everyone who has unexplained nausea and vomiting that persists for longer than a week requires a medical evaluation by a doctor. Most people who have acid reflux experience burning behind the breastbone (heartburn), but some experience upper abdominal pain, chest heaviness, nausea, or vomiting. Severe constipation can cause an unmovable blockage of stool within the rectum (a "fecal impaction"), and this may result in more severe nausea with vomiting. If the tissue around an ulcer is inflamed and swollen, it is common for this swelling to result in nausea or vomiting, particularly after a meal. Pain and nausea or vomiting from gallstone disease typically occurs several hours after a meal, since contractions of your gallbladder are strongest following your initial stages of digestion. When the stomach is abnormally slow to empty this can cause nausea, vomiting of undigested food, bloating, and a feeling of fullness after only a partial meal. It causes abdominal pain in the central or upper abdomen and pain in the back as well as nausea and vomiting, weight loss, and (usually) diarrhea. If you are a woman and your nausea or vomiting reliably occurs in the first few days of your menstrual period, your nausea or vomiting and abdominal pain may be caused by hormone shifts that are a normal part of the menstrual cycle.
What are the Most Common Causes of Nausea and Weight Loss? Nausea and weight loss are symptoms of a wide variety of health disorders. Certain types of cancer and their treatments can also cause these symptoms. Loss of appetite often develops with nausea and vomiting, and weight loss occurs if the lack of food or fluids is significant and prolonged. Some eating disorders, such as anorexia and bulimia, are forms of starvation, and may cause nausea and weight loss. Stomach flu , liver disease, and intestinal disorders are some of the diseases that can cause nausea and vomiting. Cancer is another common cause of nausea and weight loss. This can lead to progressive weight loss and wasting of the muscles. The treatments of cancer, such as radiation and chemotherapy , can also cause nausea and weight loss. Due to the loss of appetite and the impaired metabolic process, weight loss may happen, especially in the late stages of the disease.
What are the symptoms of gastrointestinal (GI) or stomach cancer? Topics Cancer Gastrointestinal Cancer What are the symptoms of gastrointestinal (GI) or stomach cancer? The majority of stomach cancer patients have non-specific complaints, such as: These symptoms could be associated with less serious diagnoses like gastritis or peptic ulcer disease, so don’t assume you have stomach cancer should you experience some of them. Malignancies of the stomach generally occur later in life, after age 50. Tumors that burrow into the stomach wall often produce symptoms that resemble those associated with ulcers. Stomach cancer usually requires the surgical removal of all or part of the stomach. Early symptoms of gastric cancer include indigestion and stomach pain or discomfort; a sense of fullness in the upper abdomen especially after eating, loss of appetite, and mild nausea. More advanced stomach cancer may produce unexplained weight loss, stomach pain, vomiting, tarry (black) stool, trouble swallowing, jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes), and swelling of the abdomen. The symptoms of stomach cancer are vague and often mimic those of much more common and benign disorders such as ulcers or inflammation of the stomach.
Unintentional weight gain occurs when you put on weight without increasing your urinate, tender breasts, fatigue, nausea, and missed period are signs of pregnancy. Bloating or fullness, Nausea or vomiting and Weight gain. Lack of exercise is a common cause of fatigue, weight gain, and muscle weakness.ovarian cyst, abnormal periods, bloating weight gain ,pelvic pain ovuating)just sort of different slight weight gain being just a bit more tired than usual, all the normal symptoms bloated nausea I even thought it was gall bladder or an ulcer . Unexplained weight gain or weight loss, particularly weight gain in the abdominal region; Pelvic and/or abdominal swelling, bloating, and/or feeling of fullness; Pain during intercourse; Ongoing fatigue . Unexplained weight gain or loss. Doctor's thoughts are thyroid (which would explain weight gain), same symptoms you mention extreme fatigue, awful nausea, bad cramps . I was pregnant, if I fight the fatigue I end up with headaches and dizziness. Persistent abdominal bloating, indigestion or nausea; Changes in appetite – often a loss. Back pain; Fatigue; Abnormal bloating or a feeling of fullness; Abdominal pain or vaginal bleeding; Loss of appetite; Unexplained weight loss or gain. The adrenal fatigue and weight gain connection: Crashing energy and stubborn the reason chronic stress is known to cause disease — by compromising the is out of balance, we can experience anything from heartburn to gas to bloating.
Understanding unexpected weight loss. What are some possible causes of weight loss, what questions might your doctor ask, and what can you expect as you and your doctor seek to determine the cause? What Is Unexplained Weight Loss? Weight loss may occur because you are eating less, or because your body is using nutrients differently due to a change in your metabolism or the growth of a tumor. If you are losing weight without trying it is important to make an appointment to see your doctor, even if you think there is an explanation for your weight loss. Diagnosing Weight Loss That Isn’t Intentional. If you have unintentional weight loss, your doctor will first take a careful history and do a physical exam. How fast have you been losing weight? Have you ever had weight loss like this before? How upsetting is the weight loss to you? Causes of Unexplained Weight Loss. There are many reasons for unexplained weight loss, some serious, and some more of a nuisance. Importance of Unintentional Weight Loss. Unintentional weight loss in older adults . Weight Loss – Unintentional.
In the meantime, I was going to school and trying to maintain a 4.0 average, working on a house (that ended up falling through) and working 40 hours a week. I was very happy to get married and very excited about the baby - especially when i found out we were having a son. I could not eat, swallow food and ended up having severe panic attacks because of how I was feeling. I went to the ER and they did the barium swallow.nothing was found. They did a CT scan and diagnosed a sinus infection and I was given antibiotics. A week after the start of the antibiotics I was back in the ER for severe abdominal pain and throat closing feeling. The panic attacks were terrible because I swore my throat was closing up on me. I went to a gastrologist who looked into my stomach and it was normal - no reflux found. I've received a battery of tests and had sinus surgery to clear up the chronic sinusitis. *originally I thought this was from the sinus infection but now the infection is gone and sinuses are clear.why is.
Abstract: Unexplained chronic nausea and other dyspepsia symptoms affect about 25 percent of the general population. “When a physician has completed the routine tests such as blood studies, barium X-ray studies, ultrasound and endoscopic examinations and has ruled out more common causes of nausea, then neuromuscular disorders of the stomach should be considered.” Koch recently moved to North Carolina from Pennsylvania, and has studied electrical and contractile disorders of the stomach for over 20 years. “Some patients with unexplained nausea have electrical dysrhythmias termed tachygastria, in which the pacemaker is too fast, or bradygastria, where the pacemaker is too slow. “For many patients, the diagnosis of gastric dysrhythmias puts a name to a problem that has plagued them for years,” Koch said. Unexplained chronic nausea and other dyspepsia symptoms affect about 25 percent of the general population. “Gastric pacemakers work like cardiac pacemakers and attempt to reestablish the normal pacemaker rhythm of the stomach by applying current to the stomach,” Koch said. When diagnosing the cause of chronic nausea, Koch recommends the following questions be asked while taking the patient’s history: When common causes of chronic nausea have been excluded, then gastric neuromuscular disorders should be considered.
AND Pain (35 matches) AND Fever (4 matches) AND Infection (3 matches) AND Heartburn (3 matches) AND Dementia (3 matches) AND Irritability (2 matches) AND Clubbing (2 matches) AND Confusion (2 matches) AND Delirium (2 matches) AND Gallstones (2 matches) AND Hepatitis (2 matches) AND Malabsorption (2 matches)
Many women worry about gaining too much weight during pregnancy. However, many women are shocked to learn that they can lose weight during the first trimester. Losing weight after the first trimester can be a problem, however, and you should notify your healthcare provider if you experience weight loss during the second or third trimesters, as this can possibly harm you and your baby. During the first trimester, weight loss is not unusual and is not necessarily anything to be alarmed about. In fact, if you’re overweight or obese , your doctor may even want you to lose a few pounds during the early part of your pregnancy (although it is preferable to lose this weight before you become pregnant, if possible). According to experts, weight loss during the first trimester is not unusual, nor is it harmful to your baby. How Much Weight Should Be Gained During Pregnancy? Women of average weight should only gain 25 pounds during pregnancy (up to 35 pounds is normal, but 25 pounds is enough) Overweight women should limit weight gain to 15–25 pounds during the latter stages of pregnancy. Women who are not merely overweight but actually obese, however, should gain no more than eleven pounds during the course of pregnancy. Deliberate Weight Loss During Pregnancy. In the preceding sections we have covered unexplained weight loss during pregnancy, but if you’re pregnant and overweight, you should also know the facts about dieting and exercising to lose weight during pregnancy. Losing weight during late-term pregnancy, especially in your third trimester, can harm your baby.
Weight loss is common among people with cancer and is often the first noticeable sign of the disease. As many as 40% of people with cancer report unexplained weight loss at the time of diagnosis, and up to 80% of people with advanced cancer experience weight loss and cachexia, or wasting, which is the combination of weight loss and muscle mass loss. Weight loss and muscle wasting also often come with fatigue , weakness, loss of energy, and an inability to perform everyday tasks. Controlling cancer-related weight loss is important for your comfort and well-being. Consider asking your doctor about receiving food through a tube that goes directly to the stomach, which may help people with head and neck or esophageal cancers who are having difficulty chewing or difficulty swallowing . Megestrol acetate (Megace) is a progesterone hormone that can improve appetite, weight gain, and a person's sense of well-being. Steroid medications can increase appetite, improve a person's sense of well-being, and help with nausea, weakness, or pain. Other medications are being studied to help people with cancer improve their appetite and gain weight. Nutrition counseling may help people with cancer get essential nutrients, such as protein, vitamins, and minerals into their diet and maintain a healthy body weight. You can also find a dietitian through the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. These details can help you work with your health care team to find the best way to maintain your weight, or gain needed weight, during cancer treatment.
Get the most up-to-date information on rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, fibromyalgia, celiac disease, and ulcerative colitis. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease that typically causes inflammation of the joints and the encompassing tissue. The symptoms to look out for are joint pain, fatigue, increased muscle aches, weakness, loss of appetite, and prolonged morning stiffness. The disease can appear at any age, although research shows that women are more prone to the disease than men. Smokers are at higher risk of developing the disease. Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease that breaks down the fatty substance that protects the nerves in the brain and spinal cord. The disease is more prevalent among 20- to 40-year-olds, although it can occur at any age. The disease can occur at any age. This inflammatory bowel disease largely affects the large intestine and rectum and is characterized by abdominal pain and diarrhea. Any age group can be affected but it is more prevalent amongst the ages 15 to 30 and 50 to 70. People with a family history of ulcerative colitis and those of Jewish ancestry are more at risk of contracting the disease.
Some Of The Many Symptoms of Lyme Disease Are: Unexplained weight loss or gain. Difficulty breathing Night sweats or unexplained chills. Eye pain or swelling around eyes. Floaters/spots in the line of sight. Poor muscle coordination, loss of reflexes. Loss of muscle tone, muscle weakness. Burning/stabbing sensations in the body. Poor balance, dizziness, difficulty walking. Encephalitis (inflammation of the brain) Meningitis (inflammation of the protective membrane around the brain) Encephalomyelitis (inflammation of the brain and spinal cord) Difficulty with organization and planning.
Would you like to make it the primary and merge this question into it? There are many conditions that can cause fainting and abdominal pain. Going for a walk can also help, but if the gas pains are severe you may not want to walk. If allergies or sensitivities are causing your abdominal pain, you simply have to discover the problematic food and avoid it. Don't be embarrassed if you go to the doctor and find your lower abdominal pain was caused by constipation or gas. These are the most common reasons for this pain and your doctor will be pleased that it's nothing more serious. The Skinny On Weight Loss Diets. There are hundreds of weight loss programs and diets available on the market. While some of these diet programs you can do on your own, and cost very little, others can be qu…ite expensive, and require the guidance of a specialist or dietician. To help you wade through some of the claims and hype around dieting, take the time to weigh out the pros and cons of dieting for weight loss. The best form of weight loss diets will incorporate healthy dietary and lifestyle changes gradually. Diet plans that involve fasting or extreme caloric restriction are not safe, and can potentially cause shock to your system, as well as increase your chances of gaining the weight back once the diet is complete. The healthier and happier you are, the less likely you are to overeat or eat for emotional reasons. The bottom line is that most fad weight loss diets are not healthy, nor are they generally effective. To find the right diet program for you, consult with your doctor or a holistic practitioner who specializes in weight loss.
Medical Editor: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD. Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD. Other signs and symptoms that may be associated with nausea and vomiting include the following: Some people may experience the following related nausea and vomiting symptoms and signs: Nausea and vomiting are symptoms of an underlying illness and not a specific disease. Nausea is the sensation that the stomach wants to empty itself, while vomiting (emesis) or throwing up, is the act of forcible emptying of the stomach. The term "dry heaves" refers to an episode of vomiting where there is no food in the stomach to vomit, and only clear secretions are vomited.
I went to the ER after a few weeks of the pain, the doctor did blood work and an ultrasound on my kidneys, liver and gallbladder and told me I was fine and to follow up with my family doctor. The catch is that I don't have health insurance, and therefore see a doctor at the university I attend. Ultrasound will NOT tell you if you have a gallbladder problem. Also, pathology report showed my gallbladder was not only NOT WORKING, it had high-grade dysplasia and was on the way to cancer! My body temperature has always been very low, so thank you for mentioning that, I will have it checked. My best advice is this: Go to a 24 hour outpatient clinic, if they arent open 24/7, take the babies with you and just do it. Make another list of symptoms that you have been suffering from over the past year or so, then draw three vertical lines, making columns for the date and a check mark. For the three days you are monitoring your temps.check off which symptoms you are also having that day. 75% of cases are diagnosed AFTER a patient switches doctors and they get the right tests! I had no idea what was causing my severe upper abdominal pain for years and tons of money and tests were thrown at it until I had to ASK for the PTH test.5 years of lost work due to it, lost my credit, lost my house, nearly lost my family too, dont let that happen to you. If they do not help you then all the above causes I have listed will need to be looked into. Since I cannot examine you and know other related conditions you may be having, nor is a detailed history possible on net, I have listed the various possibilities that should be looked into.
What are the Possible Causes of Unexplained Nausea? Unexplained nausea can also happen as the result of a food allergy. When the person has a reaction to a new food, he will have found the cause of his unexplained nausea. They made me drink 75 grams of pure glucose and about fifteen minutes later, I had the worst nausea and vomiting of my life. Post 5. I had mild nausea throughout the day but vomited any time I was in a car, a bus or subway. I was treated with antibiotics and the nausea disappeared. I didn't, and the nausea eventually passed. However, when the nausea arrived, I knew that something was wrong. The first time it happened, he thought he might have food poisoning, because he had eaten at a restaurant and did not know how the food had been stored and prepared. The second time, though, he had eaten a meal his sister had made for him, and he knew that the food was good.
Unintentional Weight Loss in Older Adults. Patient information: See handout on unintentional weight loss in older adults , written by the authors of this article. Unintentional weight loss in persons older than 65 years is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Overall, nonmalignant diseases are more common causes of unintentional weight loss in this population than malignancy. Social factors may contribute to unintentional weight loss. Appetite stimulants may increase weight but have serious adverse effects and no evidence of decreased mortality. Unintentional weight loss (i.e., more than a 5% reduction in body weight within six to 12 months) occurs in 15% to 20% of older adults and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. 1 In this population, unintentional weight loss can lead to functional decline in activities of daily living, 2 increased in-hospital morbidity, 3 increased risk of hip fracture in women, 4 and increased overall mortality. Because unintentional weight loss is a nonspecific condition and no published guidelines exist for evaluation and management, the appropriate workup, if any, is difficult to determine. This article focuses on the evaluation, diagnosis, and potential treatments of unintentional weight loss in patients older than 65 years.
Since so many young women are dieting and exercising, it is easy to assume that excessive weight loss or habitual vomiting is a choice of the patient; when in fact it may be a consequence of disease. Peptic ulcers are a very common occurrence affecting 10% of men and 5% of women in the U. Patients may also experience gastrointestinal bleeding (often the first sign), abdominal bloating, nausea, vomiting, anorexia and weight loss (usually in patients with outflow obstruction). The inflammation can cause pain and can make the intestines empty frequently, resulting in diarrhea. The most common symptoms of Crohn's disease are abdominal pain, often in the lower right area, and diarrhea. The condition can also cause anorexia and weight loss. Affecting 1 in 300 women, the vomiting is persistent, frequent and severe. Symptoms are similar to flu, but the skin and the eyes may become yellow (icterus) because the liver is not able to filter bilirubin from the blood. Hepatitis B can lead to chronic liver disease and the complications that result from it. The inflammation usually occurs in the rectum and lower part of the colon, but it may affect the entire colon. The most common symptoms of ulcerative colitis are abdominal pain and bloody diarrhea. The diarrhea is usually painless and alternates with bouts of constipation. Celiac disease is a digestive disease that damages the small intestine and interferes with absorption of nutrients from food.
Evaluation of Nausea and Vomiting. Most causes of acute nausea and vomiting can be determined from the history and physical examination. Treatment should be directed at the underlying etiology of the nausea and vomiting. An algorithm for the evaluation of nausea and vomiting is provided in Figure 1 . Algorithm for the evaluation of nausea and vomiting. Possible Diagnoses Based on the History in Patients with Nausea and Vomiting. Postoperative nausea and vomiting. Alternative Treatments for Nausea and Vomiting. Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy 29. Nausea and vomiting. Nausea, vomiting and fever. Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy.
Many symptoms of pancreatic cancer are mild at first, so patients may often be unaware of the potential seriousness of them. However, when the bile duct becomes blocked - for any reason - jaundice can occur. In Pancreatic Cancer: Jaundice typically occurs in pancreatic cancer when a tumor in the head of the pancreas first narrows, then obstructs the common bile duct, blocking the flow of bile. In Pancreatic Cancer: Digestive difficulties including indigestion, nausea, weight loss, a poor appetite, and diarrhea, can arise as a result of pressure from a pancreatic cyst or tumor on the stomach or the small intestine that causes a block in the digestive tract. If a tumor blocks the pancreatic duct, insufficient pancreatic juices in the intestines can lead to poor absorption and diarrhea, as the undigested food passes quickly through the digestive tract. Other Causes: Stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea can be caused by a number of conditions. However, there are no distinguishing characteristics associated with pancreatic cancer when the weight loss is due to malignant cancer cells monopolizing the body's nutrients. Other Causes: Unexplained weight loss can also be caused by some infections or parasites in the digestive tract. If the cancer spreads to the peritoneum, it can cause irritation and cause fluid to build up. Other Causes: Pancreatic ascites can also occur if a cyst or a pseudocyst in the pancreas bursts, allowing the pancreatic juices to seep into the abdominal cavity. However, cirrhosis of the liver, and specifically alcoholic cirrhosis, is the most common cause for ascites. In Pancreatic Cancer: Sudden onset of diabetes in people with normal body mass index is often a warning sign of pancreatic abnormalities and can be a symptom of pancreatic cancer.
The ultimate one-stop source for information about alternative cancer treatments, therapies and clinics. Telltale Signs of Cancer include: A lump or thickening in the breast or testicles; a change in a wart or mole; a skin sore or a persistent sore throat that doesn't heal; a change in bowel or bladder habits; a persistent cough or coughing blood; constant indigestion or trouble swallowing; unusual bleeding or vaginal discharge; and chronic fatigue. Bladder cancer: Blood in the urine, pain or burning upon urination; frequent urination; or cloudy urine. Bone cancer: Pain in the bone or swelling around the affected site; fractures in bones; weakness, fatigue; weight loss; repeated infections; nausea, vomiting, constipation, problems with urination; weakness or numbness in the legs; bumps and bruises that persist. Breast cancer: A lump or thickening of the breast; discharge from the nipple; change in the skin of the breast; a feeling of heat; or enlarged lymph nodes under the arm. Kidney cancer: Blood in urine; dull ache or pain in the back or side; lump in kidney area, sometimes accompanied by high blood pressure or abnormality in red blood cell count. Pancreatic cancer: Upper abdominal pain and unexplained weight loss; pain near the center of the back; intolerance of fatty foods; yellowing of the skin; abdominal masses; enlargement of liver and spleen. Stomach cancer: Indigestion or heartburn; discomfort or pain in the abdomen; nausea and vomiting; diarrhea or constipation; bloating after meals; loss of appetite; weakness and fatigue; bleeding - vomiting blood or blood in the stool.
So I've been feeling all of these symptoms lately and I was just hoping that maybe some of you health gurus out there would have any idea. My current theory is that it's just stress, but I don't really know. Show more So I've been feeling all of these symptoms lately and I was just hoping that maybe some of you health gurus out there would have any idea. At it's worst it is sharp and debilitating, usually around the side of my head and behind my eyes (though it varies.) I'm also nauseous a LOT, which may or may not be related to my loss of appetite. In addition I've been noticing random bruising along my legs and some on my arms that I can't explain (and I don't bruise easily!). I've also been really tired and weak feeling, and occasionally I'll start shaking slightly to the point where it's noticable to other people. I don't think it's serious enough to go to a doctor, I mean they're just gonna tell me it's stress anyway. Well, the word insomnia may be a bit over-kill but I am definitely having trouble falling asleep at night. Which is weird because I am so exhausted all the time!
Unintentional weight gain occurs when you put on weight without increasing your urinate, tender breasts, fatigue, nausea, and missed period are signs of pregnancy. Bloating or fullness, Nausea or vomiting and Weight gain. Lack of exercise is a common cause of fatigue, weight gain, and muscle weakness.ovarian cyst, abnormal periods, bloating weight gain ,pelvic pain all the normal symptoms bloated nausea I even thought it was gall bladder or an ulcer after back, some bloating, excessive gas, weight gain/bigger belly size, fatigue, bowel . It could even be mononucleosis but you would also feel fatigue, and so on. Indigestion, nausea, or changes in bowel movements are the most common signs of ovarian cancer. Unexplained weight gain or weight loss, particularly weight gain in the abdominal region; Pelvic and/or abdominal swelling, bloating, and/or feeling of fullness; Pain during intercourse; Ongoing fatigue . Unexplained weight gain or loss. I have been getting abdominal pains and severe bloating; I feel very nauseous at. Doctor's thoughts are thyroid (which would explain weight gain), same symptoms you mention extreme fatigue, awful nausea, bad cramps . I was pregnant, if I fight the fatigue I end up with headaches and dizziness. Persistent abdominal bloating, indigestion or nausea; Changes in appetite – often a loss. Back pain; Fatigue; Abnormal bloating or a feeling of fullness; Abdominal pain or vaginal bleeding; Loss of appetite; Unexplained weight loss or gain. The adrenal fatigue and weight gain connection: Crashing energy and stubborn the reason chronic stress is known to cause disease — by compromising the is out of balance, we can experience anything from heartburn to gas to bloating.
The patient had had intermittent vomiting for seven years and had lost approximately 15 kg of weight. It should be noted that hyperthyroidism patients can have unexplained vomiting, and that hyperthyroidism may coexist with peptic ulcer in rare cases. The patient was treated with prokinetic agents, but his vomiting was not relieved. The patients reported in both English and Chinese literatures all improved their vomiting symptoms after the diagnosis and treatment of hyperthyroidism. The vomiting in hyperthyroidism may be caused by thyrotoxicosis, which can be the prominent presenting symptom for hyperthyroidism. The increase in β-adrenergic activity in hyperthyroidism is the most likely mechanism of thyrotoxic vomiting (Bilezikian and Loeb, 1983 ). The patient suffered from chronic gastritis and one occasion peptic ulcer. The coexistence of hyperthyroidism and peptic ulcer is extremely rare in literature. With regard to the correlation between hyperthyroidism and peptic ulcer, Aoyagi et al. They regarded the coexistence of hyperthyroidism and peptic ulcer to be infrequent but not rare (Aoyagi et al., 1982 ). Since his symptoms of nausea and vomiting disappeared after taking propylthiouracil, so we suspect that hyperthyroidism may be the primary cause for vomiting in our case. The simultaneous occurrence of active peptic ulcer and active hyperthyroidism.
Unexplained Weight Loss. Unexplained weight loss is weight loss of 10lbs or 5% of your body weight without trying. Unexplained weight loss is the term used to describe a decrease in body weight that occurs unintentionally and can be a warning sign of diabetes. What are the possible causes of unexplained weight loss? Potential causes of unexplained weight loss include: Diabetes with substantial weight loss.
This can result in side effects like fatigue, hair loss, lack of appetite and diarrhea. The severity of these effects depends on the type of drug being used, the patient's overall physical condition and overall response to the medication. If side effects become too intense or pose serious health risks, the patient's oncologist may reduce the dose of the drug or change the treatment schedule. Fatigue is the most frequently reported side effect of chemotherapy and affects up to 96 percent of cancer patients. Nausea and vomiting occur in 70 to 80 percent of chemo patients. These symptoms can occur immediately after the drugs are administered or develop over several days, and they may disappear within hours or last up to a week. About 90 percent of patients who use cisplatin experience nausea and vomiting, while between 10 and 30 percent of patients taking pemetrexed experience the same issues. Chemotherapy drugs can damage cells inside the mouth, causing problems with a patient's teeth and gums. Diarrhea and constipation may occur if drugs irritate the gastrointestinal tract lining. Certain side effects of chemo are more serious and should be carefully monitored. Patients who experience severe problems from their treatment are encouraged to report the experiences to the Food and Drug Administration. Some physical side effects, such as hair loss and fluctuations in weight, can cause cancer patients to struggle with self-esteem, leading to depression and other emotional side effects.
Nausea and vomiting are accompanied by pain or a severe headache, especially if you haven't had this type of headache before. Make an appointment with your doctor if: You've had bouts of nausea and vomiting for longer than one month. You've experienced unexplained weight loss along with nausea and vomiting. Take self-care measures while you wait for your appointment with your doctor: Start with easily digested foods such as gelatin, crackers and toast. When you can keep these down, try cereal, rice, fruit, and salty or high-protein, high-carbohydrate foods. Wait to eat solid foods until about six hours after the last time you vomited. For longer journeys, such as a cruise, ask your doctor about prescription motion sickness adhesive patches, such as scopolamine (Transderm Scop).
Dieting, loss of appetite, diarrhea and some medications are all easily identifiable causes of weight loss, but if you suddenly lose 10 pounds, 5 percent of your body weight, or if your weight loss persists and you can't explain why, it's time to look at other possibilities. Some conditions cause you to lose your appetite, which will cause you to eat less and lose weight, while others will block your ability to absorb the nutrients that you are eating, causing your body to react as if you were not eating at all. When these bodily functions become overactive, your body burns more calories than usual, causing you to lose weight (and possibly feel inexplicably tired) even when eating the same diet. Though parasites fall under this category, many other infections can cause weight loss as well, such as HIV, tuberculosis and fungal disease. Calories are burned and often your body heats up (fever) and you become fatigued because so much energy is being expended on the infection. Kidney disease can cause nausea, vomiting and loss of protein through urine, leading to weight loss as well. Chronic illnesses in general tax the body and can cause weight loss. In addition, cancer can demand excess energy from your body just like other illnesses, often compounding the effect. If you have been eating the same diet and haven't changed your activity level but have lost a significant amount of weight, it would be prudent to have a talk with your doctor.
Nausea and vomiting are controlled by a combination of the vomiting centre in your brain, and areas within your gut. Nausea and vomiting may be due to many different causes. What are nausea and vomiting? In most cases, the nausea and vomiting settle down within 48 hours. Nausea and vomiting may be due to irritation of the stomach lining - for example, by: Nausea and vomiting may also be caused by a direct effect on the vomiting centre of the brain. This explains the nausea and vomiting that often occur with: The doctor will want to know how long your feeling sick and being sick (nausea and vomiting) have lasted and whether you have any other symptoms. Many women have nausea and vomiting during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. Many medicines can cause nausea and vomiting. Treatment will depend on the likely cause of your feeling sick and being sick (nausea and vomiting). The nausea and vomiting stop when your body has rid itself of the infection. What can you do if you develop nausea and vomiting?
Involuntary Weight Loss - An Ignored Vital Sign in Seniors. Estimates suggest 13.3% of the population experiences unintentional weight loss, and up to 7% experiences a loss exceeding 5% of baseline weight.1 Elders are disproportionately impacted; 27% of frail elders over the age of 65 experience involuntary weight loss.2. Most practitioners and researchers define unintentional weight loss as a 5% to 10% decrease in body weight over a period of 1 to 12 months.3-6 A clinically useful benchmark is 5% over a 6-month period. Cancer is the leading cause, accounting for 24% to 38% of cases (weight loss may be the only symptom of tumor burden).5 Dementia results in marked taste and smell alterations, decreasing food’s desirability. Medication side effects (anorexia, xerostomia, dysgeusia, dysosmia, dysphagia, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea) are major causes for weight loss among elders.8. Involuntary weight loss is a predictor of mortality. Normal Age-Related Weight Loss. Beginning around age 65 to 70, weight loss occurs at a rate of 0.1 to 0.2 kg/year as a result of changes in hormones regulating appetite and satiety, along with decreases in basal metabolic rates.6,8. When patients state their weight loss is the result of dieting, probe for lifestyle changes. Maintaining weight loss is difficult, and if the patient is keeping the pounds off easily, dieting may be a coincidental occurrence. Determine if weight loss is intentional. Depression and nonmalignant GI diseases are common reversible causes.8 Interventions used to reverse or minimize further weight loss include nonpharmacologic (Table 1) and pharmacologic (Table 2), the former being first-line. No drugs are approved by the FDA for involuntary weight loss. The epidemiology of recent involuntary weight loss in the United States population. An approach to the management of unintentional weight loss in elderly people.