As with diabetes in humans, sometimes a dog’s body’s stops producing enough insulin or the cells of a dog’s body are unable to use the insulin that is produced. When either condition occurs, the result is diabetes mellitus, which causes excessive thirst and urination and extreme hunger accompanied by weight loss. To stabilize sugar levels, insulin therapy is the treatment at the outset and is usually required for the life of the dog . Diabetes mellitus is a disease that manifests as an inability of the animal’s body to use carbohydrates (sugars) properly. The CBC and chemistry profile may show dehydration, an elevated blood sugar level, or other changes that can occur with diabetes . Urinalysis: Evaluation of a urine sample may show the presence of sugar (glucose) in the urine if a dog has diabetes. The fructosamine level is therefore a close estimation of the blood glucose level, but it is less likely to change due to stress and other factors that affect the blood glucose level. In a dog with diabetes, the blood sugar levels are usually high for long periods of time, which would be reflected by an increased fructosamine level. In the long term, dogs with diabetes are often treated by insulin injection to help the body’s needy cells use sugar more efficiently. Insulin injections, however, are generally started at the time of diagnosis and required long term to control the disease. This helps ensure that the insulin dosage is right for your dog . Your dog’s weight, appetite, drinking and urination, and attitude at home can all provide useful information that helps determine if his or her diabetes is being well managed. However, insulin therapy and regular monitoring at home and by your veterinarian are necessary for the rest of your dog’s life.
Diagnosis of Polydipsia and Polyuria (PU/PD) in Cats. One of the first steps in the evaluation of a cat with polyuria and polydipsia is to determine the urine concentration by a test called "urine specific gravity." The specific gravity of pure water is 1.000. Several diagnostic tests may be needed to determine the cause of polyuria and polydipsia because many different diseases may cause these symptoms. Treatment of Polydipsia and Polyuria (PU/PD) in Cats. The occurrence of polyuria and polydipsia usually does not constitute an emergency, but several potentially serious diseases (such as diabetes mellitus, kidney failure, liver failure or high blood calcium caused by a malignancy) may be the underlying cause of the symptoms. Monitor the amount of water consumed by your cat and try to identify any changes in urinary behavior and urine output. Polyuria and polydipsia cannot be prevented, and successful treatment depends on identification of the underlying disease causing these symptoms. Polyuria and polydipsia are not specific for any one disease but can be caused by several disorders in cats including: The most common causes of polyuria and polydipsia in cats are chronic kidney failure, hyperthyroidism and diabetes mellitus. Diagnostic tests used to determine the cause of polyuria and polydipsia should be considered based on results of a complete medical history and thorough physical examination. Depending on the clinical situation, your veterinarian might recommend additional diagnostic tests to further investigate the cause of polyuria and polydipsia and provide optimal medical care for your cat.
It is perfectly normal for a healthy dog to have an increased appetite during cold weather, increased activity, pregnancy and lactation. Certain worms or other intestinal parasites can affect your dog's appetite because they rob the body of necessary nutrients. Periodic stool testing, as recommended by your vet, will determine if your dog has parasites. If your dog is dehydrated, he may need to receive subcutaneous fluids, and, if necessary, he may be force fed. Your vet will send your dog home with a list of at-home care instructions appropriate for the condition he was diagnosed with. Add This Article To Your Site. Increased Dog Appetite It is perfectly normal for a healthy dog to have an increased appetite during cold weather, increased activity, pregnancy and lactation. We've applied your coupon, start shopping and save! Share your email and receive insider sales and product previews! Thank you, your promo code. We were unable to submit your information at this time. There was a problem with your information. To continue, please edit your information and then resubmit. Submitting your information.
Diabetes Mellitus in Dogs. For information about its treatment, see the fact sheets "Diabetes Mellitus - Principles of Treatment" and "Diabetes Mellitus - Insulin Treatment". Diabetes mellitus is a disease of the pancreas. In simple terms, diabetes mellitus is caused the failure of the pancreas to regulate blood sugar. The clinical signs seen in diabetes mellitus are related to the elevated concentrations of blood glucose and the inability of the body to use glucose as an energy source. What are the clinical signs of diabetes and why do they occur? "Type I Diabetes Mellitus is the most common type of diabetes in dogs." This is the most common type of diabetes in dogs. As the name implies, dogs with this type of diabetes require insulin injections to stabilize blood sugar. This means that dogs with a normal blood glucose level will not have glucose in the urine. This is why dogs and people with diabetes mellitus have sugar in their urine (called glucosuria) when their insulin is low. How is diabetes mellitus treated in dogs? "Dogs with diabetes mellitus require.daily insulin injections.dietary change." What is the prognosis for a dog with diabetes mellitus? Once the diabetes mellitus is properly regulated, the dog's prognosis is good as long as treatment and monitoring are consistent.
Geeks On Pets > > Dogs > > Dog Health > > Increased Thirst and Urination in Dogs. Increased Thirst and Urination in Dogs. Increased thirst and urination are symptoms that mean filling the water bowl more often and cleaning up accidents in the house, but may also suggest illness or disease. The main causes of increased thirst and urination in dogs are kidney disease, Cushing's disease, diabetes mellitus and hyperparathyroidism, according to Pet Education.com. Cushing's disease occurs when the dog's pituitary or adrenal gland overproduces glucocorticoid. As well as increased thirst and urination, each disease has a number of other symptoms to watch out for. Other symptoms of Cushing's disease include thin coat, thin skin, a pot-bellied appearance and increased appetite. Older dogs are more susceptible to diseases that cause increased thirst and urination. Canine Cushing's disease treatment involves medication and surgery to remove any tumors on the adrenal gland.
Weight Gain in Dogs: Common Causes and Treatments continued. Getting too little exercise is another common reason dogs gain weight. Get exercise tips from your vet and then start any new workout plan for your pooch slowly. Chronic conditions like Cushing’s syndrome (hyperadrenocorticism) or hypothyroidism can also cause weight gain in dogs. An underactive thyroid ( hypothyroidism ) is a common problem in dogs and can also be behind your dog’s weight gain. Other Causes of Weight Gain in Dogs. Genetics plays a part in your dog’s tendency to gain weight, too. Your dog’s at a healthy weight if: You can feel your dog’s ribs without pressing hard at the sides.
Dog Frequent Urination. Dog frequent urination is a common symptom that indicates some underlying health problems, most likely related to the urinary system, such as bladder infections, and kidney failure. Read on and learn more about the possible causes of frequent urination in dogs. One of the common urinary problems in dogs is frequent urination. Below is a list of health problems and other possible factors that may cause frequent urination in dogs. Possible Diseases that Cause Dog Frequent Urination. Any of the following health problems can cause dog frequent urination: Bacterial infections of the bladder can cause frequent urination in dogs. Other signs and symptoms of a bladder infection painful urination, or blood in urine . Bladder tumors (usually transitional cell carcinomas) are rather aggressive and cause symptoms similar to a bladder infection, such as frequent urination, blood in urine, and straining to urinate. It causes enlargement of the prostate resulting in symptoms such as frequent urination, straining to urinate, and blood in urine. Other Possible Causes of Dog Frequent Urination. Besides the above diseases, dog frequent urination can also be caused by:
Excessive Thirst and Urination. Excessive thirst and urination can be two of the prominent symptoms of diabetes, along with several other medical complications as well. In a nutshell, excessive thirst and urination are the classic symptoms of diabetes. The paragraphs below enlist a few causes of excessive thirst and urination. Excessive thirst (polydipsia) and urination (polyuria) are the trademark reasons behind diabetes insipidus. Excessive hunger is also one of the most visible symptoms of diabetes mellitus. Along with excessive thirst and urination, people also feeling excessive hunger, sudden weight loss, and tiredness. Several other diseases and medical conditions can also be there behind excess thirst and the need to always urinate. Uncontrolled and unmanaged diabetes can also be one of the obvious reasons behind it. Tingling of the hands and feet. Loss of sensation of the limbs (hands and feet) Many treatment methods and several ideal hormone replacement therapies can be performed to keep the disease under control.
Kidney disease , heart disease, cancer and diabetes are among the ones that are of greatest concern. Cancer is a major disease of senior dogs. Warning signs depend on the cancer, but can include a new lump, sores, weight loss, lethargy, limping, breathing problems, coughing, vomiting or collapse. Heart disease is also a major disease of older dogs. Signs can include coughing, breathing difficulty, loss of appetite, lethargy and abdominal distension. A veterinarian can diagnose the condition by listening to the heart and conducting more extensive tests such as EKG, radiographs (x-rays) or cardiac ultrasound (echocardiography). Dental problems are also very common in older dogs. Your veterinarian can examine and/or radiograph your dog's mouth, and may extract infected or painful teeth (anesthesia is required for these procedures). Kidney disease is very common in older dogs . The condition may take months to years to develop, and usually doesn't show any outward signs until the disease is fairly advanced. Signs include excessive thirst and urination, weight loss, appetite loss and vomiting . Your veterinarian can diagnose the condition with urine and blood tests, and can prescribe treatment that may include a special diet, medication and fluid injections. Some of the more common symptoms and their possible causes in older dogs include:
But now that the summer is over, is it normal that your cat is drinking so much water and that the bowls are constantly empty? Polyuria (PU) and polydipsia (PD) can be the first signs of a long list of disease processes. The best way for a cat owner to evaluate their cat’s drinking and urinating behaviors is to compare them to what has always been normal for them. Most of the time, however, the underlying problem leads to excessive urination and our pets drink more to compensate for all of the water they are losing in their urine. Three of the more common causes of excessive urination and excessive drinking in cats are diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, and hyperthyroidism. Diabetes mellitus is a hormonal problem that is diagnosed when blood sugar levels are very high and sugar spills out into the urine. When the kidneys start to malfunction, urine becomes more dilute and cats start to urinate more. The history is important to ensure that the problem is truly too much urinating and drinking and not other symptoms that can sometimes seem similar. Laboratory testing that will help determine the underlying cause of your cat’s include a complete blood count (or CBC), a biochemical screen, a urinalysis, and a urine culture. One of the most important pieces of the laboratory puzzle will be the urinalysis and the urine culture. The urinalysis will look at you cat’s kidney’s ability to concentrate the urine and also will look for signs of infection. Many of the underlying causes of PU/PD can predispose cats to developing urinary tract infections, so the urine culture, which is a test to grow any bacteria that is present and identify it, is very important in all animals exhibiting these symptoms.
Weight Loss and Excessive Thirst in Senior Cat. For the last few months, he has been drinking a lot more water and is urinating over the edge of his litterbox. It is a two-story house with a lot more stairs (we used to live in a ranch home) and I assumed that the weight loss was due to the fact that there are a lot more stairs. I am concerned with the fact that he is urinating a lot (large quantity of urine) and drinking a lot more water. A: Excessive thirst, urination and weight loss in a 15- year-old cat is definitely cause for concern. If your cat truly has dark urine, it could be due to the presence of a substance called bilirubin in the urine. As for your cat urinating over the edge of the box: some cats, as they get older, develop arthritis and will find it difficult to squat once they’re in the litterbox. A variety of supplements and pain medications are available that could make your cat more comfortable, and resolve this aberrant urinary behavior.
Your body converts the food you eat into glucose that your cells use for energy. If your body doesn't make enough or any insulin , or if your cells resist the insulin your body makes, the glucose can't get into them and you have no energy. This can make you more hungry and tired than usual. Peeing more often and being thirstier. The average person usually has to pee between four and seven times in 24 hours, but people with diabetes may go a lot more. You might pee out more, too. When you drink more, you'll also pee more. You could get dehydrated, and your mouth may feel dry.
Problems With a Cat Drinking Excessive Water. If your cat is drinking a lot of water, it could be a sign of a serious health issue including diabetes, kidney disease or hyperthyroidism. Monitor your cat's water intake and call a veterinarian if there's a dramatic shift. Cats don't typically drink a lot of water, but the host of factors that influence how much they drink are difficult to negotiate into authoritative rules. Cats typically drink 2 millimeters of water for every gram of dry food they eat. Cats who eat wet food typically drink less, as their fodder is at least three-quarters water. If your cat's ravenous thirst is accompanied by similarly excessive weight loss and urination, diabetes mellitus or kidney disease are likely culprits. Old, obese and male cats are at higher risk of the former. Because cats don't typically drink a lot of water, they're at higher risk for urinary tract stones, dehydration and kidney issues. Add water to dry kibble to whet your cat's appetite - it's strongly related to his sense of smell - and increase his water consumption.
Here's an extensive list of all the major dog diseases and symptoms. Pallor, or lack of pigmentation in the gums, tongue, and inside the ear. Redness, swelling, or inflammation of the eye. Rubbing or scratching the eye. Inflammation and redness around the ear canal. Swelling of the affected area. Discharge from the eyes. Changes to the cornea. Red, thick underside of the ear. Cauliflower-like appearance of the ear. Increase in height and thickness of the gums. Pain in the infected area. Red streaks on the skin. Lesions and sores around the head, neck, and back.
Weight Loss - Abnormal in Dogs. Weight loss in dogs may be associated with many normal and abnormal conditions. Weight loss can be caused by disorders in many of the body's organ systems, and can affect any or all organs. Questions that may provide insight into the cause of your dog's weight loss include: How can the cause of my dog's weight loss be diagnosed? What are some of the common diseases that cause weight loss? "Most chronic diseases will result in weight loss at some time during the course of the disease." In fact, most chronic diseases will result in weight loss at some time during the course of the disease. What can be done to treat my dog's weight loss? Treatment will be determined by the specific cause of your dog's weight loss. What is the prognosis for my dog's weight loss?
Causes of Loss of Appetite and Excessive Thirst. Several conditions can cause decreased appetite and increased thirst. A person experiencing loss of appetite and increased thirst should consult a qualified health care professional for a heath evaluation or assessment. Anorexia nervosa may cause a loss of appetite and excessive thirst. Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder associated with an unreasonable fear of gaining weight and an obsession with food. Common signs and symptoms associated with anorexia nervosa include loss of appetite, increased thirst, extreme weight loss, fatigue, insomnia, brittle nails, thinning hair, absence of menstrual periods, constipation, cold intolerance, irregular heart rhythms and decreased blood pressure.
There are more than 20 disorders that can lead to increased drinking and urinating. It can be frustrating to sort through them all but the only thing that you can do is to start somewhere, as you have done, and eliminate the disorders until you find the one that is causing the problem. The list of disorders I can think of that cause increased drinking include: Diagnosing the Cause of Increased Urination and Thirst. Hypoadrenocorticism is less common than Cushing's disease so we usually test for it second and often only if the cortisol levels were low on the samples taken for the Cushing's disease testing. It can take some time to sort through these possibilities but with persistence it is usually possible to find a cause for the increased drinking and urinating. His excessive drinking and urinating are annoying, but the symptom that bothers me the most is how hungry he is all the time. These are the things that can cause increased drinking and urinating in dogs that I can think of. So I would tend to believe the test results and just keep it in the back of my mind that Cushing's disease is not totally ruled out by them. A dog that really does have diabetes insipidus can get dehydrated pretty rapidly and the dehydration can be fatal if water is not available. You might want to think about the possibility that this is behavioral and try to figure out a way to test that theory prior to going through a lot more testing but it may be hard to prove that a behavioral problem is the cause, or to rule it out completely.
Treatment of Polyuria and Polydipsia (PU/PD) There are several potential causes of polyuria and polydipsia, and the underlying cause of these symptoms must be determined before appropriate treatment can be initiated. The occurrence of polyuria and polydipsia usually does not constitute an emergency, but several potentially serious diseases (such as diabetes mellitus, kidney failure, liver failure or high blood calcium caused by a malignancy) may be the underlying cause of the symptoms. You should also monitor your dog for any clinical abnormalities and discuss them with your veterinarian. Monitor the amount of water consumed by your dog and try to identify any changes in urinary behavior and urine output. Polyuria and polydipsia cannot be prevented, and successful treatment depends on identification of the underlying disease causing these symptoms. Monitor your pet for any outward signs of illness and discuss them with your veterinarian. Monitor the amount of water your pet drinks and observe your pet for changes in his urinary habits. There are no general recommendations for prevention of polyuria and polydipsia. In-depth Information on Polyuria and Polydipsia in Dogs. Polyuria and polydipsia are not specific for any one disease, but can be caused by several disorders including: Causes of Polyuria and Polydipsia in Dogs. The most common causes of polyuria and polydipsia in dogs are chronic kidney failure, hyperadrenocorticism and diabetes mellitus.
You are passing more than 5 quarts of urine per day. The health care provider will get your medical history and perform a physical exam. The provider may ask you questions such as: How long have you been aware of having increased thirst? Does your thirst stay the same all day? Did you change your diet? Are you eating more salty or spicy foods? Are you urinating more or less frequently than usual? Are you producing more or less urine than usual? Have you noticed any bleeding? Are you sweating more than usual? Do you have a fever ? For example, if tests show you have diabetes, you will need to get treated. You may need a psychological evaluation if the provider suspects this is a cause.
Common Diseases of Older (Senior, Geriatric) Dogs. In The Aging Process and How We Can Help Older Dogs Adapt , we explain some of the more common and normal changes we can see in the function of the various organ systems in an older dog. The more common diseases seen in older dogs and the signs of these diseases are listed in the table below. Signs and Symptoms of Disease. AAHA Senior care guidelines for dogs and cats. Diagnosing and treating behavior problems in senior dogs. Supplement to Veterinary Medicine; 1997. The most common behavior problems of older dogs. Supplement to Veterinary Medicine; 1995 (August): 16-24. In Hoskins, JD (ed.) The Veterinary Clinics of North America Small Animal Practice: Geriatrics.
Weight loss in older dogs can be slow and subtle, or it can be sudden and noticeable. This is because sudden weight loss is usually a symptom of an underlying health problem - and sometimes these problems can be serious. With most health problems, there's more than one symptom - and as weight loss in older dogs can be a sign of several different conditions or diseases, - it's the OTHER symptoms that often give your vet the clues he needs. The aging process causes some overall loss of fluids and some weight loss in older dogs can be caused by this, IF they're not getting enough water or have an underlying disease. Some diseases that affect older dogs can also cause dehydration, so have Fido checked out by your vet to make sure there's no underlying health problem. The signs of liver disease in dogs can be very subtle, but sudden (or consistent) weight loss is one of them. This is another reason to be very careful about monitoring Fido's overall health carefully and get help if you notice weight loss in older dogs, especially if it's accompanied by any other signs of illness. Lots of dogs gain weight as they get older, and a gradual thickening of the 'waistline' is pretty normal. But rapid weight gain in older dogs , just like rapid weight loss, is a different story, and needs to be evaluated by a veterinarian. BUT, if the weight loss is sudden (or slow but obvious), and especially if you notice any other signs that Fido isn't feeling well or acting normally, then you absolutely need to have him examined by your veterinarian asap. Treating the weight loss itself can only be done by treating the problem which is causing it to happen, and the only person who can make an accurate diagnosis is your veterinarian.
Geeks On Pets > > Dogs > > Dog Health > > Canine Diseases Causing Weight Loss. Sudden unexplained weight loss in your dog can signal a serious underlying illness. Your vet will examine your dog's teeth to see if there are any decayed or loose teeth that might be causing your dog pain when eating. Internal parasites such as hookworms can cause serious debilitation and weight loss, especially in puppies and can lead to death. Your vet will examine a stool specimen to see if your dog is infected and provide medication to destroy the parasite and restore your dog to health. It is a hereditary illness in dogs and can cause symptoms of lethargy, excessive water consumption, excessive urination, and unexplained weight loss or gain. Kidney disease can cause poor appetite, weight loss, and muscle wasting. Sudden weight loss is one of the chief symptoms of cancer in dogs. Many of the same things that cause cancer in people also can cause it in dogs.
Dog urination is a problem for you, your dog, and possibly your home if he's taken to using the floor. Polydipsia is the cause of polyuria, which is excessive urination. By far the most common cause of excessive urination in dogs, urinary tract infections (UTI) are infections within the urinary tract. When urination problems arise in the form of hormone imbalances, it is commonly in a female dog who have recently been spayed. This is also referred to as spay incontinence , and the dog may not be able to hold their bladder. Estrogen is used to maintain the urethra muscles and when estrogen levels drop, sometimes urine can drip out without the dog even seeming aware of it. When this happens, drops of urine can make it past the blockage. Diabetes and Frequent Urination. This is because they instinctively drink a lot more water in order to remove the excess sugar from their blood, and the intake of water causes more frequent urination. Diabetes can be a fatal disease if not diagnosed, treated and monitored.